High blood pressure, or hypertension, rarely has noticeable symptoms. However if untreated, it increases your risk of serious problems such as heart strikes and strokes.

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Around a third of adults in the UK have actually high blood pressure, although countless will no realise it.

The only method to find out if her blood push is high is to have actually your blood pressure checked.


What is high blood pressure?

Blood pressure is taped with 2 numbers. The systolic press (higher number) is the force at which her heart pumps blood about your body.

The diastolic push (lower number) is the resistance come the blood circulation in the blood vessels.

They're both measure up in millimetres the mercury (mmHg).

As a basic guide:

high blood press is taken into consideration to be 140/90mmHg or greater (or 150/90mmHg or higher if you're over the period of 80)ideal blood press is usually considered to be in between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg

Blood push readings in between 120/80mmHg and 140/90mmHg might mean you're at hazard of emerging high blood pressure if you do not take measures to keep your blood push under control.

Everyone's blood push will be slightly different. What's taken into consideration low or high because that you might be regular for someone else.


Risks of high blood pressure

If your blood push is as well high, the puts extra strain on your blood vessels, heart and other organs, such together the brain, kidneys and also eyes.

Persistent high blood pressure deserve to increase your risk of a variety of serious and potentially life-threatening health and wellness conditions, together as:

If you have high blood pressure, reducing it even a little amount can assist lower your hazard of these wellness conditions.

Check your blood pressure

The only means of learning whether you have actually high blood press is to have a blood pressure test.

All adult over 40 space advised to have their blood push checked at the very least every 5 years. 

Getting this excellent is easy and could save your life.

You can get your blood press tested at a variety of places, including:

at her GP surgeryat some pharmaciesas part of her wgc2010.org health Checkin some workplaces

You can also check your blood pressure yourself v a home blood pressure monitor.

Find out more about getting a blood press test

Things that have the right to increase your threat of getting high blood pressure

It's not always clear what reasons high blood pressure, but there are things that have the right to increase her risk.

You might be more at risk if you:

are overweighteat too lot salt and also do no eat enough fruit and also vegetablesdo not do sufficient exercisedrink too much alcohol or coffee (or various other caffeine-based drinks)smokedo not gain much sleep or have disturbed sleepare over 65have a relative with high blood pressureare of black African or black color Caribbean descentlive in a deprived area

Making healthy lifestyle changes can sometimes help reduce your opportunities of gaining high blood pressure and help lower her blood pressure if it's currently high.

Treatment for high blood pressure

Doctors can help you keep your blood push to a safe level using:

lifestyle changesmedicines

What works ideal is various for every person.

Talk come your doctor to aid you decide about treatment.

This patient decision aid (PDF, 132kb) can also aid you to recognize your therapy options.

Lifestyle transforms to reduce blood pressure

These lifestyle changes can aid prevent and lower high blood pressure:

reduce the lot of salt friend eat and have a typically healthy dietcut down on caffeine

Some human being with high blood pressure may also need to take 1 or much more medicines to stop their blood pressure getting too high.

Medicines for high blood pressure

If you're diagnosed v high blood pressure, your doctor may recommend acquisition 1 or more medicines to save it under control.

These come together tablets and also usually need to be taken as soon as a day.

Common blood pressure medications include:

other diuretics – such together amiloride and also spironolactone

The medication recommended for you will rely on things like exactly how high her blood press is, her age and also your ethnicity.

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Watch a video on 6 things you need to know about your blood push on the Health and Care video Library.