Explanation:

An unsaturated fat acid has one or more dual bonds in that hydrocarbon tail. These twin bonds are created by the removed of hydrogen atoms from the carbon tail, causing a kink in the tail. Together such, they room not totally saturated v hydrogen atoms. Cholesterol is a kind of lipid that includes four hydrocarbon ring in the structure. Hydrogenated fatty acids space unnatural saturated fat acids that room modified for their physical properties.


Explanation:

A triacylglycerol (also called frequently referred to together a fat or a triglyceride) is written of three fatty acid chains attached to glycerol via an ester linkage. The fat acids deserve to be the very same or 2 or three different types. Steroids are obtained from cholesterol, a molecule that contains four hydrocarbon ring attached together. Phospholipids only have two fatty acid tails linked to a glycerol head and a phosphate group.


Explanation:

Triacylglycerol (also referred to as a fat or triglyceride) is a kind of lipid. Amino acids space the subunits that consist of proteins. Chitin and also cellulose room polysaccharides, or carbohydrates.

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Example concern #41 : identify Structure and also Purpose the Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and also Nucleic mountain


Which the the following terns best describes a molecule that has three fatty mountain chains external inspection to a glycerol molecule?


Explanation:

Structurally speaking, a triglyceride molecule has three fatty acid chains covalently bonded to glycerol—specifically where the hydroxyl teams are located on the glycerol molecule.


A polyunsaturated lipid consists of which the the following that is/are not consisted of in saturated lipids?


Explanation:

The hatchet saturated when describing a lipid means that a molecule has the maximum variety of hydrogens ~ above its carbons, that is saturated with hydrogens. One unsaturated lipid has actually less 보다 the maximum quantity of hydrogens bonded to that is carbons because there is a twin bond in between two that the carbons. Lipids molecules can have one carbon to carbon twin bond (mono-unsaturated) or many (poly-unsaturated).


Explanation:

Fatty acids occur as totally free molecules in trace amounts in life organisms. Lock usually happen as a ingredient of several types of lipid molecules, and also are no true monomers, also though 1-3 of them can be attached to a polar head team such as glycerol or a phosphate group. The remainder of the options listed form polymers. Amino acids type proteins, sugars such together glucose kind carbohydrates, and also nucleotides type both DNA and RNA.


Explanation:

Lipids have the right to be provided as one energy resource and are often used by cell to store energy for future use. Phosphate teams are not uncovered in all lipids. For example most steroids, which room lipids, perform not have actually phosphate groups. Lipids space hydrophobic and are repelled by water.


Correct answer:

In saturation fats, the carbons save the maximum lot of hydrogens external inspection to them.


Explanation:

In saturation fats, the carbons have single bonds between them and also the maximum variety of hydrogen atoms. Saturated fats execute not have actually nitrogen, and also they are solid in ~ room temperature.


Example question #41 : determine Structure and also Purpose that Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and also Nucleic acids


Correct answer:

Unsaturated fats have actually one or more twin bonds in between between carbons in the fatty mountain chain.


Explanation:

Unsaturated fats have actually at least one twin bond between two carbons in the fat acid and also do not have actually the maximum variety of hydrogens. They perform not save nitrogen and are typically liquid at room temperature.

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Example question #42 : identify Structure and also Purpose the Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, and Nucleic acids


Explanation:

Lipids space what make up fats. Fats store energy and assist insulate animals against the cold. Castle also kind lipid bilayers the surround cells and also organelles. All steroid hormones are obtained from cholesterol, a lipid. Thus, lipids beat a far-reaching role in signal transduction. Folding protein is a role left to other proteins.


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