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"Em hotep" is the most typical of Egyptian greetings. It means "in peace" and also is used when meeting or parting. The word "hotep" (peace) comes from the verb "hotep" which method "be satisfied, be happy". This was regularly used in Egyptian names, adhering to the surname of a god. For example, the name "Amenhotep" way "Amen is satisfied". So when you great someone "em hotep!", you room not only wishing them peace, girlfriend are additionally wishing castle happiness.
"Ii-ti!" (hello!) and "ii-wey!" (welcome!) are basically the very same greeting, but ii-wey is an ext emphatic. Lock both have the literal meaning "you have actually come!" and are both supplied when speak to someone that is arriving. The human who is getting here would probably say "em hotep!".
nefer sedjmek nefer sedjmetj
"Nefer sedjmek!" and also "nefer sedjmetj" both median "may her hearing be beautiful". "Nefer sedjmek" is provided when speak to a man and "nefer sedjmetj" when speaking to a woman. Less litterally, the idea is "may girlfriend hear only an excellent things" and implies a great for good luck.
This is a phrase offered when parting and also is the most common method to end a letter.
"Dewa-netjer" literally method "Praise God!" and also is used as we would commonly use "thank god". The Egyptians to be a very devout people and it was the tradition to praise and also thank god in ~ the finish of a journey, after ~ enduring some hardship or staying clear of some danger, or on the come of success or great news. The hieroglyph mirrors the standard posture because that praising god, standing through both arms raised up in prior of you. When using this phrase, the names of particular gods room not mentioned.
dewa-netjer en-ekdewa-netjer en-etj
"Dewa-netjer en-ek" (when speak to a male) and "dewa-netjer en-etj" (when speak to a female) are provided to mean "thank you". Literally castle both median "praise God for you", and again no details god is discussed by name.
em heset network Imen
"Em heset network Imen!" method "May you be in favor through Amun!" This is a usual greeting and also is often used in the opening of letters.
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The name of the god Amun might be changed with any other appropriate god (such as Ra, Montu, Isis, etc.) despite it is commonly the regional god the the receiver of the letter or greeting.