Last day prior to the Roman legions looted and also melted the Greek city of Corinth in 146 BC. The last day on Corinth, Tony Robert-Fleury, 1870 / Musée d’Orsay, Wikimedia Commons

Corinth was utterly damaged in this year by the victorious Roman army and all of her prizes and art plundered.

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Curated/Reperceived by Matthew A. McIntoshPublic Historianwgc2010.org

Overview

The Battle of Corinth was a fight combated between the Roman Republic and the Greek city-state of Corinth and its allies in the Achaean League in 146 BC, which caused the complete and also complete destruction of Corinth. This fight marked the end of the Achaean War and also the start of the period of Roguy domination in Greek history.

The Battle


Achaean Organization in 150 BCE / Augusto de Cartagena, Wikimedia Commons

In 146 BC, the Romans lastly beat and destroyed their major rival in the Mediterranean, Carthage, and also spent the following months in provoking the Greeks, aiming for a final battle that would certainly also strengthen their hold in this location. Cassius Dio reported that it was the Achaeans (Greeks) who started the quarrel. In the winter of that year the Achaean League rebelled against Romale preprominence in Greece. Marching from Macedonia, the Romans beat the initially Achaean army under Critolaos of Megalopolis at the Battle of Scarpheia, and advanced unhindered onto Corinth.

The Roman consul Mummius, with 23,000 infantry and also 3,500 cavalry (more than likely two legions plus Italian allies) through Cretans and Pergamese, advanced right into the Peloponnese against the revolutionary Achaean federal government. The Achaean basic Diaeus camped at Corinth via 14,000 infanattempt and 600 cavalry (plus probably some survivors of one more army that had actually been defeated earlier). The Achaeans made a successful night assault on the camp of the Romale advancement guard, inflicting heavy casualties.


The Destruction of Corinth, by Thomas Allom / Artnet, Wikimedia Commons

Encouraged by this success they available battle the next day however their mounties, greatly outnumbered, did not wait to receive the Roguy mounties charge and rather swiftly distributed. The Achaean infanattempt, however, hosted the legions till a picked force of 1,000 Roguy infanattempt charged their flank and broke them and the Achaeans retreated with order inside the city wall surfaces. Some Achaeans took refuge in Corinth however no defense was organized because Diaeus fcaused Arcadia.

Aftermath

Corinth was utterly destroyed in this year by the victorious Roguy army and also every one of her treasures and art plundered. Much of the adult male populace was put to the sword and the female population and children offered into slavery. The annihilation of Corinth, the very same fate met by Carthage the very same year, marked a significant departure from previous Romale plan in Greece.

While tbelow is archaeological proof of some minimal habitation in the years afterwards, Julius Caesar re-established the city as Colonia Laus Iulia Corinthiensis in 44 BC, soon prior to his assassicountry.

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Originally publiburned by Wikipedia, 10.17.2005, under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license.