After years of vehement debate, the "Noble Experiment" of prohibition commenced ~ above January 17, 1920, one year ~ the 18th Amendment had actually been ratified by the states. The debate did not end at that point, the course; that switched to the worries of efficacy, unforeseen consequences, popular support, and repeal. The division between wets and also drys remained a staple of politics campaigns, Sunday sermons, film melodramas, and media headlines. It wouldn"t end until the repeal of Prohibition with the 21st revised in 1933.
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Overall, what to be the main issues addressed in the Prohibition dispute by 1925?What evidence was presented to explain Prohibition a success or failure?What to be the main debates for and against repeal of the 18th amendment or alteration of the Volstead Act, the federal legislation that implemented Prohibition?What modifications to the Volstead Act were recommended by man Philip Hill, the U.S. Referee quoted through Samuel H. Church, and also others?How walk Prohibition pendant respond to this recommendations? Why?How go both sides point out individual states" experiences with Prohibition to assistance their arguments?Compare the arguments for and versus repeal or alteration by the two doctors (Dana and Kelly), the 2 businessmen (Bourne and also Scott), and the 2 labor representatives (Holland and Cooper).Compare the arguments presented through the spokesmen because that the Anti-Saloon league of America (Wayne Wheeler) and the Association against the prohibition Amendment (William Stayton). How did each characterize the place of the other? exactly how did each emphasize statistics in his argument? Why?How can the discrepancy in drunkenness statistics quote by pro- and anti-repeal advocates be explained?How did Prohibition supporters argue that increased lawlessness and also drinking among young ladies were brought about by determinants other 보다 Prohibition?How walk they deal with the rise in bootlegging, illegal saloons, and also government corruption throughout Prohibition?What positions of Prohibition proponents did "workingmen" discover objectionable? Why?Conduct research to identify disagreements that entered the Prohibition dispute after 1925, especially during the 1928 presidential campaign and also the nation"s change into financial depression ~ 1929. (See the post-1925 political cartoons and also consult the Supplemental website below.)How would Prohibition supporters have responded to these statements do in 1925 through pro-repeal spokesmen?- "Five years have actually rolled by, and also many think the Prohibition has had actually its chance."
- "Prohibition is the heaven of the ostrich. With his head in the sand the stupid bird believes the what he will not watch does no exist."
Samuel H. Church
- Prohibition "is an initiative to manage the morals that the country."
Henry Samuel Priest
- "Apparently the experiment in nationwide regulation . . . Has actually been a failure and has lugged with it boost rather than decrease in general crime."
How would certainly anti-Prohibition spokesmen have actually responded to this statements made in 1925 by barred supporters?- "
- "The Eighteenth Amendment bring to our people solid benefits which are more and an ext apparent and much more and more fully recognized. The is why that is here to stay."
- "In the irradiate of person experience, we have to not expect finish Prohibition for some time yet, yet that it will come, and also be a component of the nation"s stimulate of life, let nobody doubt."
- "We insist with every energy at ours command that the state has actually the inalienable right to border any activity whatever—; whether it concerns our eat or drinking or other personal habits—in order to promote the general public welfare."
What arguments for and versus Prohibition room presented in the cartoons?What benefits, harm, and also unforeseen aftermath of Prohibition are represented?How is "the public" portrayed in the cartoons? the ardent wets and drys?What perspectives space expressed in the cartoons released in Kansas and Nebraska? in Chicago? in new York City? Why?
Hopper, The Bootleggers
What is continue in The Bootleggers? What is depicted on the canvas? What is suggested? How?What room the three males thinking at the moment? What will happen in the next twenty minutes?What is Hopper"s noticeable comment top top the instance these men have placed us in? top top the predicament the country has put itself in?
How go British Pathé News present U.S. Prohibition come its audience? Why?Considering the wet-dry conflict in the early 1930s, how could U.S. Sound newsreels have actually presented the same incidents?
Complete the chart listed below using the main resources in this section, including the political cartoons, painting, and also newsreels.
|PRO-REPEAL ARGUMENT||EVIDENCE PRESENTED||REBUTTALfrom ban supporters|
|Crime, corruption, and contempt because that the law have actually increased under Prohibition.|
|Drinking and drunkenness have actually increased under Prohibition throughout the nation (not simply in the northeast).|
|Law enforcement agencies has been unable or unwilling to enforce Prohibition.|
|Alcohol abuse cannot be solved by regulation alone.|
|Prohibition was passed in postwar anxiety and also distraction and also is not supported by the bulk of Americans.|
|The Volstead Act deserve to be modified to reflect the majority will and reduce the harmful impacts of alcohol.|
|ANTI-REPEAL ARGUMENT||EVIDENCE PRESENTED||REBUTTALfrom pro-repealadvocates|
|Prohibition has completed remarkable success, amply proven by statistics.|
|Prohibition has brought sobriety and also prosperity come the working class.|
|Due to human nature, Prohibition will take longer than five years come be completely effective.|
|The development in put on impose Prohibition does not obtain adequate press coverage.|
|The increase is lawlessness is as result of the unstable social results of world War One, not to Prohibition.|
|Prohibition will never be repealed, and the Volstead Act will not be modified to permit wine and also beer.|
Framing QuestionsWhat determinants precipitated and fueled the social departments of the 1920s?How walk each division reflect postwar adjustments and the "modern age"?What concerns overlapped the many social departments of the period?How had actually each concern evolved by 1930 as the nation entered the great Depression?
Printing"Five year of Prohibition and Its Results"Political cartoonsCartoon evaluation chartHopper, The BootleggersNewsreelsTOTAL11 pp.9 pp.2 pp.View online.View online.22 pp.
Prohibition, documentary by Ken Burns and also Lynn Novick, 2011 (PBS)Teaching v Documents: The Volstead Act and also Related Prohibition files (National Archives)Prohibition in the says (Search because that Prohibition and also state name come research other states.)Prohibition: The Noble Experiment (David Hanson, State college of new York-Potsdam)- claims (Search website for other state pages. Note: writer voices one anti-Prohibition stance and also advocates the repeal of existing state blue laws.)
|ArizonaFloridaIdahoIllinoisIndiana||IowaKentuckyMarylandMassachusettsNevada||New JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaOregon|
Primary resources in background Matters (George Mason University and also the City college of brand-new York)."Wayne B. Wheeler: The man Who Turned off the Taps," by Daniel Okrent, Smithsonian Magazine, might 2010 (Smithsonian)Temperance and Prohibition (Ohio State University)Alcohol, Temperance and also Prohibition (Brown college Library)Edward Hopper, synopsis (Metropolitan Museum the Art)Edward Hopper virtual (Artcyclopedia)Analyzing politics cartoons: travel guide from
Images:– devastation of an illicit still, Miami, Florida, photograph, 1925. Courtesy the the State Archives the Florida, picture RC03392. Digital image courtesy the the Florida storage Project.– new York City Deputy Police Commissioner man A. Leach, right, city hall agents pour liquor into sewer following a raid, photograph, 1921(?) (detail). Courtesy the the Library that Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, new York World-Telegram and the sunlight Newspaper picture Collection, LC-USZ62-123257.– Anti-Prohibition car ("Stamp out Prohibition"), photo by Sanborn Studio ca. 1930 (detail). Hagley Museum and Library, Wilmington, Delaware, 75.434. Reproduced by permission.– Carey Orr, "Bullet Proof," politics cartoon, Chicago Tribune, April 29, 1926 (detail). Reproduced through permission that the Chicago Tribune; digital image courtesy of ProQuest historical Newspapers.– short article headlines, The Washington Post, Jan. 16, 1925 ("Prohibition 5 years Old"), may 22, 1927 ("Test top top Prohibition"). Permission inquiry in process; digital images courtesy of ProQuest historic Newspapers.
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DIVISIONS1. Ku Klux Klan 2. Black color & White 3. City & city 4. Wets & Drys 5. Religion & scientific research 6. Labor & resources 7. Aboriginal & foreign 8. "Reds" & "Americans"