Eclipses: Solar vs. Lunar

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This lesson offered by: Author:Amara wgc2010.organder
System: Madison City
School: Madiboy City Board Of Education

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Leschild Plan ID: 34513


Eclipses: Solar vs. Lunar


In this interdisciplinary lesboy around solar and also lunar eclipses, students will certainly version and also identify thedifference in between the 2 eclipses. It requires components of the Sun- Earth- Moon system through NASA resources, hands-on inquiry, and observational information.

Thislessonresults from aparticipation in between the Alabama Departments of Education and also ASTA.

1 ) Create and also manipulate models (e.g., physical, graphical, conceptual) to define the incidents of day/night cycles, size of year, periods, tides, eclipses, and also lunar phases based on trends of the observed movements of celestial bodies.
NAEP wgc2010.orgment:: E8.12: Seasons result from yearly variations in the intensity of sunlight and also length of day, because of the tilt of Earth"s rotation axis family member to the airplane of its yearly orlittle bit approximately the Sun.
NAEP wgc2010.orgment:: E8.2: Gravity is the force that keeps a lot of objects in the solar mechanism in consistent and predictable motion. These activities explain such sensations as the day, the year, phases of the Moon, and also eclipses.

Students:Create and also manipulate a model that reflects exactly how the positions of the Earth and sunlight result in day and night at areas on Earth.Create and also manipulate a design that reflects the motion of Earth roughly the sun throughout a year with the correct tilt of Planet throughout the modeling.Create and manipulate a model that shows the tilt of the Earth in connection to the sunlight which shows seasons for both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.Create and manipulate a version that reflects the position of the Earth and also moon throughout high and low tides at various places on Planet.Create and manipulate a model that mirrors the place of the sun, Earth, and moon during solar and also lunar eclipses.Create and manipulate a version that shows the position of the sun, Planet, and moon in the time of lunar phases.
ModelEarthMoonSunOrbitRotationAxisTiltedDay NightHourRevolutionConstantOrbital planeOrientationSolar EnergyEquatorPolesNorthern HemisphereSouthern HemisphereWinterSummerTidesGravitational pullLow tideHigh tideEclipseSolar eclipseLunar EclipseLunar phases (new moon, waxing crescent, first quarter, waxing gibbous, complete moon, waning gibbous, third quarter, waning crescent)Illumination
Students know:Earth rotates on its tilted axis once in approximately 24 hours; this rotation is taken into consideration an Planet day.Due to the rotation of the Planet, the side of the Earth encountering the sun experiences light (day); the side of the Earth facing away from the sun experiences dark (night).The Earth-moon system revolves approximately the sun once in about 365 days; this rdevelopment is thought about an Planet year.The distance in between Earth and the sunlight remains reasonably constant throughout the Earth"s orlittle bit.The Earth"s rotation axis is tilted via respect to its orbital aircraft approximately the sun. Earth maintains the very same relative orientation in room, via its North Pole pointed towards the North Star throughout its orbit.Solar power travels in a straight line from the sun and hits various parts of the curved Planet at various angles — more straight at the equator and less straight at the poles.Since the Earth"s axis is tilted, the many straight and also intense solar energy occurs over the summer months, and also the leastern straight and also intense solar energy occurs over the winter months.The readjust in seaboy at a offered place on Earth is directly regarded the orientation of the tilted Planet and the position of Earth in its orlittle bit about the sun because of the readjust in the directness and also intensity of the solar power at that area over the course of the year.Summer occurs in the Northern Hemisphere at times in the Earth"s orlittle bit as soon as the north axis of Earth is tilted towards the sunlight. Summer occurs in the Southern Hemispright here at times in the Earth"s orbit once the southern axis of Earth is tilted towards the sunlight.Winter occurs in the Northern Hemispbelow at times in the Earth"s orlittle as soon as the north axis of Planet is tilted ameans from the sunlight. Winter occurs in the Southern Hemispbelow at times in the Earth"s orlittle when the southern axis of Earth is tilted amethod from the sun. A tide is the daily increase and fevery one of sea level.Low tide is the lowest sea level at a details time and also place on Planet.High tide is the highest sea level at a particular time and also place on Earth.Tides happen as an outcome of the moon"s gravitational pull on the Planet.Solar energy is prevented from getting to the Earth during a solar eclipse because the moon is situated between the sunlight and Earth.Solar power is prevented from getting to the moon (and for this reason reflecting off of the moon to Earth) during a lunar eclipse bereason Planet is located between the sun and also moon.Since the moon"s orbital plane is tilted with respect to the aircraft of the Earth"s orlittle about the sun, for a bulk of time during an Planet month, the moon is not in a position to block solar energy from getting to Earth, and also Earth is not in a position to block solar power from reaching the moon.A lunar eclipse can only occur in the time of a complete moon.The moon rotates on its axis around as soon as a month.The moon orbits Planet approximately as soon as a month.The moon rotates on its axis at the very same price at which it orbits Earth so that the side of the moon that faces Earth stays the same as it orbits.The moon"s orbital airplane is tilted through respect to the aircraft of the Earth"s orbit about the sunlight.Solar energy coming from the sun bounces off of the moon and also is viewed on Planet as the bideal component of the moon.The visible propercentage of the illuminated part of the moon (as viewed from Earth) alters over the course of a month as the area of the moon loved one to Earth and the sunlight transforms. This readjust in illumicountry is well-known as the lunar phase.The moon shows up to end up being even more completely illuminated till "full" and then less fully illuminated till dark, or "new," in a pattern of readjust that corresponds to what propercent of the illuminated component of the moon is visible from Planet.The lunar phase of the moon is a result of the family member positions of the Planet, sun, and moon.
Students are able to:Develop a design of the Sun-Earth-Moon systems and identify the appropriate components.Describe the relationships between components of the model.Use patterns observed from their design to provide causal accounts for events and make predictions for occasions by constructing explacountries.
Students understand that: Patterns in the events of day/night cycles, size of year, periods, tides, eclipses, and lunar phases can be observed and described using models based upon oboffered movement of celestial bodies.
AMSTI Resources:
AMSTI Module: Researching the Sun-Earth-Moon System
Alabama Alternative Achievement Standards
AAS Standard: SCI.AAS.6.1- Use a model to present that Earth"s moon moves approximately Earth, and Planet and its moon move around the sun; acknowledge the activities responsible for day/night and also the length of a year.

Local/National Standards:

Main Learning Objective(s):

Learning Targets:

I deserve to create models to define a solar and lunar eclipse.

I can define the distinction in between a solar and also lunar eclipse.

Additional Learning Objective(s):

Total Duration:

61 to 90 Minutes

Materials and also Resources:

Teacher Materials:

"The Moon Book" by Gail Gibbons

5" Centimeter Styrofoam balls- class set

Pencils - course set

Glue gun and glue sticks

Lamp Stand also (without shade)

A room that have the right to be marked, with sufficient open floor area to fit students standing in a circle.

Interactive white board; lapheight via protector, speakers for listening, tablet or iPad; internet accessibility.

Padlet app or webwebsite

Teacher Preparation:

If desired, the teacher have the right to prepare model "moons" for students. To do this, place a pencil in the middle of the Styrofoam round. Leave enough of the pencil out of the sphere so students can host the model in their hand. Using glue gun, area glue in-between pencil and also Styrofoam round.

Teacher must accessibility video about solar and lunar eclipses to encertain that web links and also audio are working properly:Eclipses Explained (4:34 minutes)

Teachers have to go in prior to the lesboy and develop a Padlet account in order to conserve their very own Padlet that is made with their course.

Students must be familiar through making use of Know- What I Wonder- and also Learned (KWL) chart.

Step 1Students and also teachers will certainly create a KWL chart together Each section will certainly require its own Padlet. The K and also W are the just Padlets that need to be completed at this time.

First, have students share with peers what they "Know" around Solar and also Lunar Eclipses and post to the "K" location of the Padlet. Then, the teacher will read sections of "The Moon Book" that concerned solar and lunar eclipses. Next off, have actually students share via their peers the "W" (What they Wonder around Solar and also Lunar Eclipses) and short article to Padlet.

Once the discussion is over, the teacher should describe the KWL Padlet (K and W Padlets only) to update information that they may have learned about eclipses and also any kind of other indevelopment that they would favor to continue to learn around eclipses.

Tip 2- Students will certainly read theNASAwrite-up concerning eclipses. Then, separation students into equal parts: Solar Side and Lunar side. The teacher may number students off, "1" "2" so tright here will certainly be equal grouping. Have students to reread their components and become "experts" on that eclipse. Next, have students to share out their indevelopment on their eclipse. After that, have actually students finish a Venn Diagram comparing the two eclipses. Share out indevelopment.

Sexactly how clip Eclipses Explained.

Step 3- Using moon models, lamp shade, and students" bodies, students will certainly model a Solar and Lunar Eclipse. Using the illustrations from "The Moon Publication," have students demonstrate a solar and also lunar eclipse.

Tip 4-Students will finish "L" (What we learned about solar and lunar eclipse.)on Padlet and also finish reflection questions on "What causes Solar and also Lunar Eclipses?" lab.

Teacher Observation

Venn Diagram: Solar vs. Lunar. Teacher should observe students" capability to describe the distinctions between the eclipses.

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Answered lab questions for accuracy situated in the student"s notebook/journal.

Students will certainly create an video/iMovie detailing the distinctions in between a solar and lunar eclipse. Video have the right to be shown to fellow peers to aid in discovering the differences in between the 2 eclipses.

View the Special Education sources for instructional guidance in providing modifications and also adaptations for students with substantial cognitive disabilities who qualify for the Alabama Alternative Assessment.