Some roofing home builders assume that the language the the organization is universal. However, the couldn’t be further from the truth. After ~ all, most world have no factor to be able to tell the frieze native the flashing.

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Still, as soon as you have a difficulty with your roof, friend don’t want to battle with understanding the terminology your contractor is using. It is why we at Tadlock Roofing wanted to take the time to define the ins and also outs of the roofing business, beginning with the market lingo. So right here are few of the most common terms we use to identify roof components and also the varieties of roofing.

Common Roofing Terms

A fast note before we acquire to our list: we’ve decided to type them in alphabet order. So if you’re wondering what underlayment is, you’ll find it near the bottom that the list. V that being said, let’s examine out the roofing glossary.

Built-Up Roof

Built-up roofing is a term because that layering roofing felt and also hot-mapped asphalt on a flat or low-slope roof. After ~ laying under the felt and also the asphalt, we’d top off the entirety thing with gravel.


Indoors, the cornice is the decorate plaster right where the walls accomplish the ceiling. In roofing, this ax signifies the component of the roof the sticks out from the side wall surfaces of a house.


Counterflashing is a item of sheet metal we push into a vertical framework such together a chimney or a wall so that it laps over shingle flashing. That protects the an are underneath the slates indigenous water.


Courses are just horizontal rows of roofing shingles or tiles — most residential houses with slanted roofs have actually them.


The drip is a metal edge along the eaves or the rakes that protects the fascia plank from water damage. As soon as it rains, the water will certainly slide along the metal drip right into the gutters rather of comes into contact with the wooden component of the roof.


Speaking of the drip, that item of metal is actually attached to the reduced edge of the roof — or the eaves. The eaves room the component of the roof that proceeds past the walls of the house.


The fascia board is the wooden trim behind the gutter in ~ the leaf of the roof. That wooden building is specifically vulnerable to water damage, i m sorry is why we have the drip edge and also the gutters.


Similarly to counterflashing, flashing is the piece of sheet metal that runs underneath the roof tiles where different planes that the roof meet. Choose counterflashing, flashing is expected to stop water leaks.


Roofing felt is a mixture of file and asphalt we usage for built-up roofing.

Frieze Board

The frieze board is a wood plank best under the side edge of the roof, at the optimal of a house’s siding. In ancient Greece, the frieze was a marble slab with a decorative short relief on it. Because of that, some friezes can have a decorative function even now.


In roofing terminology, the gable is the triangular part of the wall where the 2 sides of the roof accomplish at the ridge.


While gable roofs only have two roof panels that meet at the ridge, i know well roofs have a more complicated design. Essentially, the i know good of a roof is the outside angle leaf where 2 sides that the roof meet.


The joists space the structural assistance underneath a flat roof. The objective of joists is to organize sheathing after ~ we nail it in.


Rafters space to a slanted roof what joists space to a flat one. Basically, castle the wooden boards that hold the sheathing in place.


A rake is a separate component of a gabled roof that sticks the end from the side and also stretches past the edge of the residence walls.


As we have currently hinted at, the ridge of a roof is the horizontal line where 2 roof planes meet.


In the roofing industry, sheathing is that the utmost prominence for insulation purposes. This 1 through 6-inch or 1 by 12-inch plank of plywood room nailed right into the rafters. Every little thing else, native shingles to various other roofing materials, goes into the sheathing.

Shingle Flashing

Like various other kinds the flashing, this is simply a strip of steel that protects the roof indigenous water damage. Shingle flashing goes under the shingles and covers a little bit of the vertical edge the the chimney or wall.


The slope, or pitch of a roof, is the elevation of the roof in inches because that every 12 inches of length.


The soffit is the plank the connects the leaf of the roof to the side wall of the house.


A roofing square describes the quantity of product we require in order come cover 100 square feet that roof.


In the roofing business, the underlayment is the product that goes in between the sheathing and the shingles. Usually, building contractors gravitate toward using felt together their underlayment — i beg your pardon we’ve currently talked about.


Basically, roof valleys space the inverted version of roofing hips. Typically, castle are less than 180-degree angles in between two sloping part of the roof.

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Valley Flashing

Finally, since we’ve already mentioned other varieties of flashing, there’s just one left. Conveniently, us can also use this term as a expertise test that a sort. So, if we simply learned what valleys are, and we know that flashing is the sheet steel that protects the products under the shingles indigenous water damage, then sink flashing is a metal part that fortifies the shingles top top both political parties of the valley.

Hopefully, this quick crash food in roofing terminology will leave friend feeling prepared for your next roofing consultation. As it happens — Tadlock Roofing actually provides a free estimate for anyone who needs it. So schedule your consultation today!