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About the Retina

The retina is a nerve layer in ~ the earlier of her eye that senses light and also sends photos to her brain. One eye is like a camera. The lens in the former of the eye concentrates light ~ above the retina. You can think that the retina as the film that lines the ago of a camera choose wallpaper. The retina requirements to it is in flattened against the back wall of the eye in order to function.

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What is a retinal detachment?

A retinal detachment occurs once the retina is pulled away from its common position. The retina does not occupational when the is detached. A retinal losing is a really serious problem that virtually always reasons blindness unless it is treated.



What reasons a retinal detachment?

A clear gel dubbed vitreous filling the within of the eye. Together we acquire older, the vitreous might pull away from its attachments to the retina in ~ the back of the eye. Usually the vitreous separates native the retina without bring about problems. Yet sometimes the vitreous pulls and also tears the retina in one or an ext places. Fluid may pass through the retinal tear, lifting the retina off the ago of the eye, choose wallpaper peeling off a wall.

The following conditions increase the possibility of having actually a retinal detachment:

nearsightedness,previous cataract surgery,glaucoma,severe injury,previous retinal losing in your other eye,family history of retinal detachment, andweak areas in her retina that deserve to be checked out by her ophthalmologist.


What are the warning symptom of retinal detachment?

These early on symptoms may show the presence of a retinal tear or detachment:

flashing lights,new floaters,a shadow in the perimeter of your ar of vision, anda gray curtain moving throughout your field of vision.


Although the presence of this symptoms is not constantly associated v a retinal detachment, lock warrant an evaluation with an ophthalmologist as soon as possible. A cautious dilated eye check is required in order to diagnose a retinal tear or retinal detachment.


What treatment is needed?

For retinal tears: Most retinal tears need to be treated v laser surgery or cryotherapy (freezing), i m sorry seals the retina come the back wall surface of the eye. These therapies cause small or no discomfort and may be performed in her doctor’s office. Treatment usually avoids a retinal detachment.For retinal detachment: Most patients with retinal detachments require surgery to return the retina come its suitable position.


Types of surgery

There room several ways to repair a retinal detachment. The attributes of your detachment will recognize which type of surgery and also anesthesia room needed.

In every of the complying with methods, your medical professional will locate the retinal tears and also use laser surgery or cryotherapy to seal the tear.


Scleral Buckle

This treatment entails placing a functional band (scleral buckle) approximately the eye to against the force pulling the retina the end of place and support the retinal tear native behind. The doctor regularly drains the fluid under the detached retina, permitting the retina to settle earlier into its common position versus the back wall surface of the eye. This procedure is performed in an operating room.






Pneumatic Retinopexy

In this procedure, a gas bubble is injected right into the vitreous space inside the eye. The gas balloon pushes the retinal tear closed against the back wall of the eye. Your doctor will ask friend to keep a specific head position for numerous days.

 The gas balloon will slowly disappear. Sometimes this procedure have the right to be done in the doctor’s office.



The vitreous gel, i beg your pardon is pulling top top the retina, is removed from the eye and usually changed with a gas bubble.

Your body’s very own fluids will gradually replace the gas bubble. Periodically vitrectomy is merged with a scleral buckle.


After Surgery

Flashing lights and floaters may continue for a while after surgery. If a gas bubble was put in her eye, your doctor may recommend that you save your head in unique positions for a time.

*DO not FLY in an plane or take trip at high altitudes till you are told the gas balloon is gone. A rapid rise in altitude can reason a dangerous rise in eye pressure. Most retinal detachments deserve to be repaired/ flattened with one operation. Recurrent retinal detachments, although rare (


What are the dangers of surgery?

Any surgery has risks; however, an untreated retinal offhanded usually outcomes in irreversible severe vision lose or blindness.

Some the the surgical dangers of retinal detachment surgical procedure include:

infection,bleeding,high pressure in the eye, and/orcataract.


Most retinal detachment surgery is successful, return a 2nd operation is periodically needed.

If the retina can not be reattached, the eye will continue to lose sight and ultimately come to be blind.

Will her vision improve?

Vision might take many months come improve and also in some instances may never ever return fully. Unfortunately, part patients do not recover any kind of vision. The much more severe the detachment, the less completely the vision may return. Because that this reason, the is very important to watch your ophthalmologist at the an initial sign of any trouble.

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Your retinal surgeon or your staff deserve to answer any type of questions you may have concerning retinal tears and detachment.