The trouble of the gulf between the rich and the bad people in Hippo is a continual theme in the preaching the Augustine, because that was a local economic reality. Ancient north Africa lay straight south that Italy across the Mediterranean, with only a narrow stretch that water separating that from Sicily. Its cook city was Carthage, a Phoenician swarm that was among the early rivals of Rome for control of the west Mediterranean. Shipping in between North Africa and Italy thrived, mainly through Ostia, the harbor of Rome. Through the second century the the existing era, manufacturing centres of afri red slip ware (quality Roman pottery) owned by notable Roman families, were exporting ceramic ship to all parts of the roman Empire.

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During the moment of Augustine, from 356 come 430, phibìc Africa was still a wealthy agrarian an ar in spite of the political problem of the empire. Hippo Regius to be the old name that the modern city that Annaba, Algeria. It was a major city in roman inn Africa. Caught by the Vandals under King Geiseric ~ an assault of eighteen months in 431, it to be the funding of the Vandal kingdom between 431 and 439. It went back to Roman dominance in 534 and remained so till 698, when it fell to the Saracens. The later history of Hippo to be under its contemporary name (in the following paragraph).

Annaba is a city in the north-eastern corner of Algeria close to the river Wadi Seybouse and also the border through Tunisia. Annaba, i beg your pardon was called Hippo Regius throughout Roman times, was probably created by the Phoenicians in the twelfth century prior to Christ. Hippo was an African center of the at an early stage Christian religion. Augustine that Hippo to be bishop over there from 396 till 430. The city today has Christian, Muslim, and also Roman buildings. In 2013 the Local federal government District the Annaba had 640,000 inhabitants, about fifty percent of whom room city-dwellers. Annaba (Bone) lays insurance claim to being the fourth largest city in Algeria, and has a fine harbour.

The local economic situation is fairly diversified. The is the main port for mineral exports in Algeria. Together excellently described by the so late Tarsisius valve Bavel O.S.A., roman inn North Africa was originally state property, and was then offered in large tracts to rich Roman families as absentee landowners. Phibìc Africa supplied much of the grain and also olive oil consumed in Rome. It was produced by the work of negative tenant farmers and seasonal workers.

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By the time of Augustine, the security of individual legal rights of the weak in ~ the Roman empire had in impact ceased. This was due to the fact that the authority and also status the the realm had considerably declined. Augustine suspect the duty of a politics activist in stimulate to defend those top top the spare part of culture (the marginalised), safeguard the civil liberties of the poor. Government officials were regularly corrupt and also not interested in the poor. They levied high counting on those the very least able to salary them, hence the typically unemployed seasonal workers - the harvesters the the grain, the tillers the the soil and those tending the olive tree - to be victims of exploitation, and lacked political power.

Furthermore, the raising invasions of phibìc Africa through the Vandals do life and safety more uncertain, and also the existence of the Donatist schism additional destabilised culture by being versus the roman inn Christian church and even Roman public presence. Political decline was carefully followed by economic decline and a ns of respect for the law. The rich families became richer, and also the bad sold us as servants as at the very least being a way of having guaranteed employment and at the very least some protection versus starvation. These bad people to be at the mercy the the landowners, several of whom walk as far as placing employees in prison, and also even executing them. In former times the Roman empire had appointed persons together defenders the the legal rights of the poor. The board of directors of Carthage the the Catholic Church in the year 401 had petitioned the Emperor for the reintroduction that this practice, however without success.

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Destroyed through the Vandals in the 5th century, Annaba to be rebuilt by the Arabs. It was subsequently occupied by Italians, Spaniards, and Genoese prior to being captured by the French in 1832. The French government departed at the moment of the civil war in Algeria quickly after 1950. Major industries encompass an iron and also steel complex, railway workshops, and aluminium and chemical works. Steel ore, phosphates, and other minerals, extracted in Tbessa to the southeast, are exported, as are wine and also cork.

Links

For Annaba photos, past and present go to: http://www.algerieautrefois.com/Ressources/Bone/FichiersBone/BonePict.php

Francais: (This internet page is written in the French Language.) Souk Ahras: ville natale de Saint Augustin. http://www.djamila.be/Documents/soukahras.htm Annaba. History of Annaba. http://looklex.com/e.o/annaba.htm

Annaba. A travelor’s blog. Http://gottaloveconstantine.com/algeria-2/world-class/algeria-4/128-annaba

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His era1401 phibìc African Christianity1403 Hippo basilica1405 Hippo congregation1406 His journeys1408 about Hippo1409 about Ostia1410 around Thagaste