Mongol cavalry in full strike (
Genghis Khan and his Mongols developed the biggest contiguous land empire in history, the Mongol Empire, which extended sixteen percent of every land on our planet. In the 13th century, twenty-five percent of the world populace lived under the Mongols.

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The an essential to the unmatched success that the Mongols was your cavalry. It to be the ideal light cavalry the people had ever before seen.

The Mongol horses were the engine of their army campaigns


Reenactment the the Mongol cavalry (Image:

The Mongolian equines were tiny but unimaginably fast, strong, and also with remarkable stamina. Each warrior had actually two to four horses therefore they could always rotate to the rested one. By act so, the Mongol cavalry could cover long distances at high speed. The Mongol military could travel 160 kilometers (100 miles) every day.

Every soldier had actually a it is provided of dried and also ground meat, i beg your pardon was basic to chef with water. Besides that, lock drank mare’s milk and also if needed additionally mare’s blood. Thus, the rate of the Mongol military wasn’t dependency on supply lines. The just real limitation was the need for an excellent pastures because that the enormous number of horses.

The Mongols learned exactly how to ride in ~ the tender age of three years. Their entire lives rotated around horses. Lock felt at residence being ~ above a horseback. The Mongols supplied to say:

“If the horse dies, i die; if the lives, i survive.”

The Mongol bow was the most crucial Mongol weapon


Mongol cavalryman releasing his deadly arrowhead (Image: Pinterest/
Mark Beerdom)

The Mongols might turn in your saddles and also shot in ~ the opponent in any kind of direction while gift in complete gallop. Come ensure a stable shot, they released arrows only when all four legs the their equines were on the ground. That was just for a split second. This to be truly one insane mastery the archery!

The composite Mongol bow had actually a selection of over 450 meters (492 yards). In comparison, the English longbow fight targets that were 275 meter (300 yards) away.

Light cavalry units have actually at the very least two types of bows — one to fire from the saddle and also one to use when dismounted.

The Mongols can fire 6 arrows a minute. Lock used different arrows for different occasions. Because that example:

long-range arrowsshort-range arrowsarmor-piercing arrowswound making arrowswhistling arrows to fear an enemyarrows dipped in naphtha and set on fire.

The Mongol cavalry used also sabers, battle-axes, lances, lassos, and daggers.

The Mongol armor was light

The Mongol cavalrymen wore lamellar animal leather armor, make of equine hides soaked in urine. Together armor to be light and flexible. They placed armor over their heavy coat. Under the coat, they wore security silk shirts. An arrowhead hitting the silk no break. Instead, the silk wraps the arrow, enabling for less complicated removal of the arrowhead from the flesh.

The Mongol horses had the same form of armor together their riders — the leather armor.

Besides the armor, the Mongol soldiers used also small leather shields.

The deadly strategies of the Mongol cavalry

A Mongol commander (Image:

The light cavalry comprised sixty percent the the entire Mongol cavalry. The staying forty percent was heavy cavalry, which supplied lances. The normal tactic was to start a fight with the irradiate cavalry. As soon as the opponent was in disarray due to the fact that of the barrage of arrows, the heavy mounties charged.

The Mongol mounties usually tried come encircle or flank the opponents. As soon as they encircled the enemy, they would certainly leave an opened in the encirclement because that the enemy to flee. If the enemies would remain together together a unit, they would certainly be lot harder to defeat. But being top top a run, they were basic targets because that the quick Mongol cavalry.

If the fight was going bad, they would retreat, reorganize and also re-enter the battle.

If the adversary force was also large, they enforcement a feigned retreat. This to be the most complicated cavalry maneuver since a feigned retreat have the right to quickly change into a disorganized flight.

The Mongols would carry out the following steps in this maneuver. In the middle of a battle, they would show up panicked and would flee the battlefield. In many cases, their opponents would pursue them and thus stretch us out. The Mongols would turn around and begin death them one by one.

The Mongols might feign a retreat for days prior to they would certainly strike ago at the pursuing enemy!

Genghis Khan arranged the Mongol cavalry upon meritocracy. If a cavalryman excelled himself, they would promote him come a commander. The commanders had permission come execute order in the means they taken into consideration the best. This command structure along with superb training do the Mongol cavalry an extremely flexible ~ above the battlefield.

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One that the unique attributes of the Mongol mounties was the level that autonomy each unit had. Your generals set their goals, yet they allowed each unit to with the goals in the best means possible. We could say the Mongols dropped micromanagement and adopted the ‘unboss’ culture.