After all, the “Moscarda” he believed himself to be was different when he was alone, or with his wife, his tenant, or his friends. And also there to be hundreds—no, thousands—of additional Moscardas in the mental of anyone who had met or heard the him.

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Moscarda grappled with this brand-new knowledge: that he to be not that he believed he was, nor who anyone else believed he was. And the people about him? They to be not who he assumed they to be either.

So the decided, in his very own words, come “...find out that I was, at least to those closest come me, acquaintances so-called, and to amuse myself by maliciously decomposing the i that ns was to them.” What follows is a series of experiments, meant to befuddle and also confuse those around him and prove that he to be not, in fact, that they believed him to be.

Written through Nobel Laureate Luigi Pirandello over the food of 15 years, One, None, and One hundred Thousand was a groundbreaking look in ~ the nature of identity and the self.

Pirandello was no stranger to reinvention and also loss of identity. Born into a well-to-do Sicilian family, he appeared destined to monitor his dad into service as a sulfur merchant. Instead, he spent his youth creating stories, and later excelled in literature studies.

Pirandello’s beforehand writing and also teaching at the Istituto Superiore di Magistero di Roma was sufficient to support himself, his wife, and also his 3 children—supplemented through an allowance from his father and also his wife’s dowry.

But in 1903, the household was destroyed when the sulfur mines his father had actually invested in to be flooded and destroyed. The household fortune was gone, consisting of his wife’s dowry. The news for this reason shocked her the she endured a complete mental collapse. In the aftermath, she endured from hallucinations and also anxieties that would certainly follow her for the remainder of she life.

At first, through an ailing wife and also no money, Pirandello contemplated suicide. Instead, that redoubled his efforts. He take it on an ext teaching work and wrote at a furious pace. He would go ~ above to create 7 novels, numerous quick stories, poetry, and around 40 plays transparent his career.

The worry of identity comes increase again and also again in Pirandello’s work. In his play to Clothe the Naked, the protagonist tries come reinvent herself, v each subsequent identification stripped away from her by others. In The Life I gave You, a mother is confronted with the reality that her long-lost boy is not the person that she has created in her mind. In the end, she chooses to adhere to she fiction quite than face the facts about her son.

In Six personalities in search of an Author, Pirandello’s most well known work, 6 unused and also incomplete personalities walk onto a stage and also demand that a director and also his gibbs tell your stories. But of course, the lines in between reality and also invention room blurred, getting more absurd together the play goes on. This play created such a line on opened night in Rome the fighting broke out in the audience, forcing Pirandello to flee the theater through his daughter. Later that year, the same play would certainly be hailed by critics in Milan together a job-related of genius.

Pirandello’s job-related was later seen as a precursor to the Theatre that the Absurd, in i m sorry writers check out the meaninglessness of person existence v deliberately confuse situations and also purposeless dialogue.

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By the moment of his death in 1936, Pirandello was a well-known and also respected writer in the theater and also literary worlds. Back his name wouldn’t be well-known by many today, his contribute to literature can be seen in the later work of notable writers favor Jean-Paul Sartre and fellow Nobel prize winner Samuel Beckett, among others.