The Pantheon and also the Parthenon space both old temples. If the Pantheon was developed in Rome to celebrate every the roman gods, the Parthenon was built in old Greece for the goddess Athena. The Parthenon pre-dates the Pantheon by around six centuries; it was built approximately 447-438 BCE, while the Pantheon was developed in 126 CE.

You are watching: Pantheon vs parthenon


Comparison chart

Pantheon versus Parthenon comparison chart
\"*\"
PantheonParthenonLocation Built in Original function Built by Current use Architectural device
Rome, Italy Athenian Acropolis, Greece
126 CE 447-438 BCE
Temple to all the gods of old Rome Temple to goddess Athena
Publius Aelius Hadrianus Iktinos, Kalikrates
Roman Catholic church Museum
Arch Technology Post and also Lintel System

\"*\"


Design

The Pantheon is a circular structure with a portico sustained granite Corinthian columns. Its roman inn concrete dome is 4535 metric tons. The is made from several materials, including marble, granite, concrete and also brick.

The Parthenon is a Doric temple supported by ionic columns. It has a rectangular floor and is made totally from marble, through a limestone base. One ionic frieze runs roughly its exterior walls. The east pediment narrates the bear of Athena, if the west pediment mirrors the contest between Athena and Poseidon to become the city’s patron god.


\"*\"


A see of Pantheon, an ancient temple of Rome, located near piazza Navona
\"*\"

Parthenon, Greece

History

The Pantheon to be originally built by Marcus Agrippa in 27 BC, and the inscription on the prior reads “M Agrippa l F Cos Terium Fecit,” or “Marcus Agrippa built this when he was consul because that the 3rd time.” However, the entire Pantheon was ruined except for this façade, and also the Emperor Hadrian rebuilt that on the same site in 126 AD. The building was given to Pope Poniface IV in 609 ad and was converted come a Christian church, saving it from destruction or looting. It was supplied as a dig in the Renaissance and is the location of some royal tombs.

The Parthenon was built in between 447 and 438 BC by Iktinos and Kallikrates together a holy place to Athens’ patron goddess, Athena. A fire in the middle of the 3rd century ad destroyed its roof, but it remained a temple to Athena till Theodosius II decreed the all pagan temples need to be close up door in 435 AD. Athena’s photo was looted from the temple in the 5th century advertisement and taken to Constantinople. The Parthenon was converted into a Christian church in the 590s, and also in 1687, the structure was partially damaged in a battle between the Turks and the Venetians when it was provided to store gunpowder and also shelter civilians. Sculptures were climate stolen native the Parthenon and rubble was looted for structure material because that the following 150 years. In 1842, once Greece came to be independent, the area ended up being a historic precinct controlled by the Greek government. Initiatives at restoration started in 1975.

Usage

The Pantheon was originally constructed as a holy place to every the roman gods. That is currently a roman Catholic church and also a renowned tourist attraction.

The Parthenon was originally built as a holy place to the Greek Goddess Athena. It is now a museum.

See more: Explain From An Atomic Viewpoint Why Charge Is Usually Transferred By Electrons

Similarities

Both the Pantheon and also the Parthenon were originally designed as temples, and also the Pantheon borrows lot of that exterior style from classic Greek temples such as the Parthenon. Both use 8 columns to assistance a pediment. Both have confronted some destruction and also rebuilding, and both were supplied as churches during the middle Ages. However, while the spiritual connection conserved the Pantheon indigenous looting, countless parts of the Parthenon were stolen in the 1700s.