Principles of pet Behavior has long been considered the most current and also engaging arrival to animal behavior. The 3rd Edition is now additionally the most considerable and well balanced in its approach to the theoretical framework behind how biologists study behavior.




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Content – values of pet Behavior

PRINCIPLES OF animal BEHAVIOR 2 types of Questions and Levels of analysis 5 What Is Behavior? 6 Three foundations 7 Natural selection 8 Individual discovering 12 cultural Transmission 15 Conceptual, Theoretical, and also Empirical viewpoints 17 conceptual Approaches 18 Theoretical philosophies 20 Empirical approaches 21 review of What Is to monitor 23 INTERVIEW with DR. E. O. WILSON 24 THE development OF actions 28 Artificial choice 31 Natural choice 32 Selective benefit of a characteristics 32 just how Natural an option Operates 35 Sociobiology, Selfish Genes, and also Adaptation 43 2 Antipredator habits in Guppies 43

Principles of animal Behavior

CONSERVATION CONNECTION: conservation Biology and also Symmetry together an Indicator of danger 44 Kinship and Naked Mole Rat habits 49 Mate selection in people 52 Phylogeny and also the research of animal Behavior 53 Phylogenetic tree 53 Phylogeny and also Parental treatment 60 Phylogeny and also Courtship behavior 62 INTERVIEW through DR. ALAN GRAFEN 64 HORMONES and NEUROBIOLOGY 68 Ultimate and also Proximate Perspectives 70 Hormones and Proximate Causation 75 conservation CONNECTION: Community-Based Ecotourism: using Hormones come Measure results on animal Well-Being 78 just how the Endocrine mechanism Integrates Sensory Input and also Output 80 The Long-Term effects of In Utero Exposure to hormones 82 Vasopressin and also Sociality in Voles 84 Hormones and also Honeybee Foraging 86 Neurobiological Underpinnings of habits 89 The Nervous impulse 90 Neurobiology and also Learning in Rodents 92 Mushroom Bodies and Honeybee Foraging 94 Vocalizations in Plainfin Midshipman Fish 95

Principles of animal Behavior

Sleep and also Predation in Mallard ducks 98 INTERVIEW through DR. GEOFFREY HILL 100 MOLECULAR genes AND advance 104 molecular Genetics and also Animal actions 107 Mendel’s legislations 108 Locating genes for Polygenic traits 109 Genes, mRNA, and also Honeybee Foraging 112 Ultraviolet Vision in bird 114 tune Acquisition in birds 115 avpr1a, Vasopressin, and Sociality in Voles 118 advance and pet Behavior 119 Development, Temperature, and also Ovipositing habits in Wasps 119 preservation CONNECTION: Development, Dispersal, and also Climate change 120

Family Structure, Development, and also Behavior in Praire Voles 122 beforehand Nest breakthrough and behavior in Cichlid Fish 123 Early advancement and Its impact on Parental behavior in the Oldfield computer mouse 123 INTERVIEW through DR. GENE ROBINSON 124 discovering 128 What Is separation, personal, instance Learning? 131 How animals Learn 133 discovering from a Single-Stimulus experience 133 Pavlovian (Classical) air conditioning 134 critical (Operant) conditioning 139 Why pets Learn 141 Within-Species Studies and the advancement of discovering 141 populace Comparisons and the development of finding out 145 A design of the evolution of learning 147 What pets Learn 149 Learning about Predators 149 conservation CONNECTION: Learning, alert Chemicals, and Reintroduction program 150 Learning around Your mate 152 Learning around Familial relationships 154 Learning around Aggression 154 molecule Genetics and also Endocrinology of learning 156 Molecular genes of finding out in Rats 156 Endocrinology of discovering in Rats 158

Principles of animal Behavior

INTERVIEW through DR. SARA SHETTLEWORTH 160 social TRANSMISSION 164 What Is social Transmission? 169 those So essential about social Transmission? 170 results of rather on actions 171 Social finding out 175 conservation CONNECTION: chop Raiding, Elephants, and Social learning 176 The Rise and also Fall the a legacy 182 6 teaching in animals 182

Modes of social Transmission 185 Vertical cultural Transmission 186 Oblique cultural Transmission 187 Horizontal cultural Transmission 188 The interaction of genetic and cultural Transmission 189 The Grants’ Finches 189 Guppy Mate selection 191 cultural Transmission and brain Size 192 INTERVIEW v DR. CECILIA HEYES 194 SEXUAL choice 198 Intersexual and also Intrasexual an option 200 preservation CONNECTION: hereditary Diversity, hereditary Quality, and Conservation biologic 202 evolutionary Models the Mate choice 204 direct Benefits and Mate choice 205 good Genes and Mate choice 207 Runaway Sexual an option 212 Sensory Bias and the development of Mate an option 214 Learning and Mate choice 218 sexual Imprinting 218 Learning and Mate choice in Japanese Quail 220 cultural Transmission and also Mate choice 221 Mate-Choice copying 221 tune Learning and Mate choice in Cowbirds 224

Principles of animal Behavior

Male-Male Competition and Sexual an option 225 Red Deer Roars and also Male-Male vain 225 Male-Male Competition by Interference 227 Male-Male Competition by Cuckoldry 229 INTERVIEW v DR. Ann HOUDE 232 MATING systems 236 different Mating equipment 238 Monogamous Mating solution 238 Polygamous Mating solution 242 Promiscuous Mating equipment 249 The Ecology and also Evolution of Polygynous Mating systems 251 Polygyny and also Resources 251 The Polygyny Threshold design 252

CONSERVATION CONNECTION: Anthropogenic effects on pet Mating systems 253 Extrapair Copulations 256 Sperm competition 258 multiple Mating solution in a solitary Population? 263 INTERVIEW through DR. NICK DAVIES 264 KINSHIP 270 Kinship and Animal behavior 273 Kinship concept 274 Relatedness and Inclusive Fitness 276 household Dynamics 279 preservation CONNECTION: Nonbreeding Groups and also Inclusive Fitness benefits in Gorillas 281 problem within families 291 Parent-Offspring conflict 291 Sibling Rivalry 295 Kin recognition 298 matching Models 299 Rule-of-Thumb Models that Kin recognition 301 INTERVIEW v DR. FRANCIS RATNIEKS 302

Principles of pet Behavior

COOPERATION 306 Defining teamwork 309 The variety of Cooperative habits 310 help in the Birthing procedure 310 society Grooming 311 paths to teamwork 312 path 1: Reciprocity 313 route 2: Byproduct Mutualism 324 route 3: Group an option 327 Coalitions 331 conservation CONNECTION: Cooperation, the Tragedy of the Commons, and also Overharvesting 332 Coalitions in Baboons 333 partnerships and “Herding” habits in Cetaceans 334

A Phylogenetic strategy to cooperation 334 Phylogeny and Cooperative breeding in birds 335 Phylogeny and Cooperation in Shrimp 336 Phylogeny and Cooperation in social Spiders 337 Interspecific Mutualisms 338 Ants and also Butterflies—Mutualism with Communication? 338 INTERVIEW v DR.

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HUDSON KERN REEVE 342 FORAGING 346 finding Food and the Search image 350 Optimal Foraging concept 351 What to Eat 351 where to Eat 354 specific Nutrient border 357 Risk-Sensitive Foraging 359 Foraging and also Group Life 361 group Size 361 Groups, publicly Information, and also Foraging 364 herbal Selection, Phylogeny, and also Seed Caching 365 Hippocampal Size and also Caching ability 365 Phylogeny and also Caching capacity 367 Learning and Foraging 368 Foraging, Learning, and mind Size in bird 369

Principles of pet Behavior

CONSERVATION CONNECTION: behavioral Traditions, Foraging, and Conservation in Killer Whales 370 Planning because that the Future 372 society Learning and also Foraging 373 INTERVIEW v DR. John KREBS 378 ANTIPREDATOR actions 382 preventing Predators 387 Blending right into the environment 387 gift Quiet 389 selecting Safe Habitats 391 conservation CONNECTION: Co-evolution, Naive Prey, and development Programs 392 What prey Do as soon as They conference Predators 394 Fleeing 395