|Husband:||Ptolemy + (1-40)|
|Wife:||Julia + URANIA (5-)|
|Children:||Drusilla + (20-)|
Husband: Ptolemy +
|Father:||Juba II + (40-)|
|Mother:||Cleopatra Selene + (40-6)|
You are watching: Ptolemy of mauretania
|Occupation||King of Mauretania|
|Title||King of Mauretania|
|Death||0040 (age 40-41)||Rome, Italy|
|Cause: enforcement by Caligula|
|Burial||Royal Mausoleum that Mauretania|
Wife: Julia + URANIA
|Name:||Julia + URANIA|
|Father:||Phraates IV + (50-)|
|Mother:||Thea-Urania + (45-)|
|Occupation||Princess of Parthia|
|Title||Princess the Parthia|
Child 1: Drusilla +
|Spouse:||Sohaemus + that EMESA (15-)|
Note top top Husband: Ptolemy +
Ptolemy to be the boy of King Juba II and Queen Cleopatra Selene II the Mauretania. He had actually a younger sister dubbed Drusilla the Mauretania.<1> His dad Juba II was the boy of King Juba ns of Numidia, who was descended from the Berber civilization of north Africa and was an ally to the roman inn Triumvir Pompey. His mom Cleopatra Selene II to be the daughter that the Ptolemaic Greek Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and the roman inn Triumvir mark Antony. Ptolemy to be of Berber, Greek and Roman ancestry. Ptolemy and his sisters Drusilla were the only grandchildren that Juba ns of Numidia and Cleopatra VII the Egypt and were among the younger grandchildren to note Antony. V his maternal grandfather, Ptolemy to be distantly pertained to Julius Caesar and the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Ptolemy to be a first cousin to Germanicus and the roman inn Emperor Claudius and a 2nd cousin come the Emperor Caligula, the Empress Agrippina the Younger, the Empress Valeria Messalina and the Emperor Nero.
Ptolemy to be most more than likely born in Caesaria, the resources of the Kingdom of Mauretania (modern Cherchell, Algeria) in the roman inn Empire. He was named in honor of his mom ancestors, in details the Ptolemaic dynasty. The was also named in respect of the memory of Cleopatra VII, the birthplace the his mother and also the birthplace of she relatives. In choosing her son"s name, Cleopatra Selene II created a unique Greek-Egyptian tone and also emphasized her role as the monarch that would proceed the Ptolemaic dynasty. She by-passed the ancestral names of she husband. By naming her kid Ptolemy instead of a Berber ancestral name, she offers an example rare in ancient history, especially in the instance of a boy who is the primary male heir, that reaching right into the mother"s family members instead the the father"s for a name. This emphasized the idea the his mother was the heiress that the Ptolemies and also the leader the a Ptolemaic federal government in exile.
Through his parents, Ptolemy had Roman citizenship, and also they sent him to Rome to be educated. His mother died in 6 A.D. And also was inserted in the royal Mausoleum that Mauretania, built by his parents. In Rome, Ptolemy got a great Roman education and also became Romanized. The was part of the amazing court of his maternal aunt Antonia Minor, an prominent aristocrat that presided end a circle of miscellaneous princes and also princesses which promoted the political conservation of the roman inn Empire’s borders and also affairs of the customer states. Antonia Minor, the youngest daughter of mark Antony and also the youngest nephew of Emperor Augustus, was a half-sister of Ptolemy"s late mother, also a daughter of mark Antony. Antonia Minor"s mom was Octavia Minor, mark Antony"s 4th wife and the second sister the Octavian (later Augustus). Ptolemy stayed in Rome until the period of 21, when he returned to the court that his aging dad in Mauretania.
During his co-rule v Juba II right into his sole preeminence Ptolemy choose his father showed up to be a patron that art, learning, literature and also sports. In Athens Greece, statues were put up to Juba II and also Ptolemy in a gymnasium in Athens and also a frosting was put up in Ptolemy’s honor in referral to his taste in literature. Ptolemy dedicated statues of himself on the Acropolis. The Athenians honored Ptolemy and also his household with inscriptions specialized to them and this reveals that the Athenians had respect in the direction of the Roman customer Monarchs and their households which was common in the 1st century.
The regional Berber people in 17, the Numidian Tacfarinas and Garamantes began to revolt versus the Kingdom the Mauretania and also Rome. The war had ravaged Africa and Berbers, including former slaves indigenous Ptolemy’s family had join in the revolt. Ptolemy with his military campaigns was unsuccessful to end the Berber revolt. The war had actually reached the allude that Ptolemy summoned the roman Governor that Africa, Publius Cornelius Dolobella and his military to help Ptolemy to end the revolt. The war finally finished in 24. Although Ptolemy’s army and the Romans won, both sides suffered considerable losses the infantry and also cavalry.
The roman Senate impression by Ptolemy’s faithful conduct, had actually sent a roman inn Senator to visit Ptolemy. The roman inn Senator known Ptolemy’s loyal conduct and awarded the an ivory scepter, one embroidered triumphal robe and the councilor greeted Ptolemy together king, ally and also friend. This acknowledgment was a heritage which recognizes and also rewards the allies to Rome.
Ptolemy through his armed forces campaigns, had actually proven his capacity and loyal as an ally and client King to Rome. He to be a renowned monarch through the Berbers and had travelled generally throughout the roman inn Empire, consisting of Alexandria Egypt and Ostia Italy.
In Caesaria, prayers were available for the wellness of Ptolemy at the holy place of Saturn frugifer dues. Mauretania was a an ar that was plentiful in agriculture and the God Saturn was the God the agriculture. Saturn ended up being a significant God in Mauretania and his cult became crucial cult in the kingdom. A temple and also a sanctuary cult were specialized to Saturn in Caesaria through 30 and also throughout Mauretania assorted temples were dedicated to Saturn.
Ptolemy’s parental descended from backgrounds that had solid endemic heritages in claiming your descent indigenous Hercules (see Heracleidae). His mom originated native a country, the there were various imperial cults committed to the Pharaohs and their relatives and there is a possibility that his father’s imperial Numidian ancestors may had actually imperial cults dedicated to them.
In a surviving engraving in Mauretania ideas that one of two people Juba II or Ptolemy created an royal cult honoring Hiempsal II, a vault Numidian King and paternal grandfather of Juba II. Follow to inscriptional evidence, Ptolemy may have established a royal Mauretanian Cult honoring himself and also his late parents (see Berber mythology). One engraving is specialized to his genius and also another inscription expressed wishes because that his good health.
Evidence arguing that Ptolemy can have worshiped Juba II after ~ his death, is native the writings of the Christian writer of the 3rd century Marcus Minucius Felix. There could have to be a cult dedicated to Juba II. In Felix’s Octavius, the writer records a dialogue in between a Christian and also a pagan indigenous Cirta. This dialogue was a component of a Christian dispute that great is impossible for mortals. Felix lists human beings who were said to have become divine: Saturn, Jupiter, Romulus and also Juba. Further literary evidence, saying the deification of Juba II also Ptolemy, is from the quick euhemerist exercise entitled top top the Vanity the Idols by the Christian Saint that the 3rd century, Cyprian. In his practice in deflating the gods, Cyprian observed and stated that the Mauretanians to be manifestly worshipping your kings and did not conceal their surname by any disguise. Follow to the surviving proof there is a strong probability the Juba II and also Ptolemy, after they had died they were deified by the Berbers.
Coinage native Ptolemy’s sole reign is very different native the coins from the moment Ptolemy co-ruled v Juba II. His royal title on coinage is in Latin ‘King Ptolemy’ and there is no surviving coinage that reflects his imperial title in Greek. ~ above his coinage there is no old Egyptian imagery. The coinage native his single reign screens a selection of themes. Ptolemy personified himself as an Elephant on coins. Elephant personification is an ancient coinage legacy in which his so late parents did when they rule Mauretania. The Elephant has symbolic functions: an icon representing Africa and an iconic monetary characteristic native the Hellenistic duration which display screens influence and power. An additional animal, Ptolemy offers on coins is a Lion leaping i m sorry is a prize of pet kingship and also is one more symbol representing Africa.
Other coins display screen Roman themes. A rarely revealing gold coin dated from the year 39 celebrate Ptolemy’s descent, his rule and his loyalty to Rome. Top top one next of the coin, there is a central bust of Juba II and is inscribed in Latin ‘King Juba kid of Juba’. Juba II is personified prefer a Greek Egyptian Pharaoh indigenous the Ptolemaic dynasty. The various other side that the coin is an eagle through its wings shown on a thunderbolt and also Ptolemy’s initials are inscribed in Latin. With his father’s main bust and inscription, Ptolemy is celebrating and showing the continuation of his family and also rule, while honoring his paternal ancestry. The personification the his father as a Ptolemaic Pharaoh, Ptolemy is celebrating his Greek Egyptian descent and possibly his links to Alexander the Great. Ptolemy through the eagle is celebrate the roman Peace, honoring the preeminence of the roman Empire, while that is mirroring his allegiance and also loyalty to old Rome. An additional coin date from the year 40 celebrates his roman inn Senatorial decree. The coin mirrors on one side, a curule chair ~ above which is a wreath and a scepter leaning against it. ~ above the various other side that the coin, Ptolemy is wearing a fillet ~ above his head.
Ptolemy seemed to have had expensive tastes and also enjoyed luxury items. He owned a practice made alcohol Citrus wood Table. Mauretania had many citrus trees and also produced countless citrus lumber tables. Any type of item made from Citrus timber was sought ~ by aristocrats and also monarchs. Citrus timber was a sought ~ item due to the fact that for its color and the complexity of its serial in the surface. The serial pattern deserve to be wavy or hooked. The lumber was treated with wax and also wheat to protect the coating the the wood’s bark and it was really sensitive come clean and maintain.
Ptolemy married a woman called Julia Urania, that came indigenous obscure origins. She is only known through a funeral inscription found at Caesaria with her freedwoman Julia Bodina. Bodina ascribed Julia Urania together ‘Queen Julia Urania’. Over there is a possibility that Julia Urania was a member that the Royal family members of Emesa (modern Homs Syria). Ptolemy married Julia Urania at an unknown date during the first century. She boring Ptolemy in around 38, a daughter dubbed Drusilla.
After Ptolemy’s murder in Rome, his former family members slave Aedemon, from outrage and out of commitment to his former master, wanted to take it revenge versus Caligula and started the revolt of Mauretania through the Berbers against Rome. The Berber rebellion was a violent one and also the rebels were expert fighters versus the roman inn Army. The roman Generals Gnaeus Hosidius Geta and Gaius Suetonius Paulinus were required to end the revolt. As soon as the revolt ended in 44, Claudius assessed the kingdom and its future. He determined to division Mauretania into two districts which to be Mauretania Tingitana and also Mauretania Caesariensis.
Much before Ptolemy’s death, Caligula had actually sent that a strange message stating: “Do nothing in ~ all, neither good or bad, to the bearer.” Claudius do the efforts a roman inn Senator referred to as Gaius Rabirius Postumus for treason who before tried unsuccessfully to recover money indigenous Ptolemy.
Note ~ above Wife: Julia + URANIA
Julia Urania or Urania was a queen that Mauretania in the first century. Urania married the Roman client king Ptolemy the Mauretania. Ptolemy that Mauretania to be an just grandson to afri King Juba ns of Numidia, Greek Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra VII that Egypt and also the youngest nephew to roman inn Triumvir mark Antony.
Urania became Queen that Mauretania when she married Ptolemy. Ptolemy and Urania married in ~ an unknown date in the 1st century and also Urania borne Ptolemy a daughter dubbed Drusilla (known as Drusilla that Mauretania) who was born around 38.
Urania is only well-known through a funeral inscription, discovered in Cherchell, Algeria. Cherchell was recognized as Caesaria, the resources of Mauretania, in the roman Empire. This engraving was known, v a funeral inscription of Urania’s freedwoman Julia Bodina. Bodina ascribed her together ’Queen Julia Urania’.
Modern historians have made two theories ~ above the beginnings of this Mauretanian Queen. Julia Urania could have to be a mistress native the reduced class. Urania was a nickname offered to a favourite mistress the a harem. The nickname obtained from the Muses. She was more than likely a member of the royal Mauretanian Court.
The 2nd theory (which is much more widely believed and also accepted) is the Julia Urania can be pertained to the Royal household of Emesa (modern Homs, Syria). The Royal family of Emesa, to be at the moment a leading kingdom in the roman East and also they additionally took the Latin surname ‘Julius’ or ‘Julia’ to name assorted members that the family. Not much information is recognized on this imperial Family.
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NameThe surname Urania or Uranius is a name of Emesan origin. She wasn’t the only Queen to have the name Urania. The Parthian Queen and a mam to the Parthian King Phraates IV, Thea Urania (Astarte) has actually the surname Urania. Urania is an old Greek word definition ‘Sky’ or ‘Universe’ and is additionally an ancient and modern Greek name.