Sections: The Persian Language | writing Systems and Scripts | The epic of Shahnameh | religious beliefs | scientific research and modern technology | background | Literature
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Sayyid Ja‘far Abu. تحفةالملوكفىالسيروالسلوک (The Gift of the Kings and Their Practices). Tabriz, Iran: Nasiri publishing House, 1856–1857. Near east Section, African and also Middle east Division, Library of congress (012.00.00)


The spiritual works in the exhibition stand for confessional and philosophical legacies of the miscellaneous faiths practiced in the Persian-speaking civilization today. By 650 BCE, the Zoroastrian faith, a monotheistic religion started on the principles of the theorist Zoroaster, had come to be the official religion of ancient Persia. Later Judaism and then Christianity involved Persia via Mesopotamia, with both arising vibrant faith neighborhoods in Persian lands. Come the east of the Persian Empire, the regional kingdoms the what is currently Afghanistan and central Asia adopted Buddhism from India in the third century, blending it with Zoroastrianism and Greek traditions.

With the spread out of Islam in the mid-seventh century, the Persian-speaking world ended up being predominantly Muslim return vestiges of the previously pre-Islamic spiritual and philosophical traditions remained. Sufism, a meditative and mystical course of Islam, advanced in the region in the tenth century, when the Ismaili Shi`ite doctrine became prominent in Persia by the eleventh century. Later, during the Safavid dynasty (1501–1722), much of current Iran and Azerbaijan converted to the Twelver Shi`ite sect the Islam. More recent faiths prefer the Baha’i Faith emerged as late together the nineteenth century in Persia widening to the near East and beyond.

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The religious texts that the Zoroastrian confidence of ancient Persia are described as the “Avesta.” The oldest part is the Gathas, which has a collection of hymns and one of the oldest instances of spiritual poetry attributed to the prophet Zoroaster (ca. 630–550 BCE). Displayed is a page from the Gathas, in the center Persian language Pahlavi, and also its translate in into modern-day Persian. The Faravahar, a man and a winged disc the symbolizes the Zoroastrian faith adorns the opening of the page. The Zoroastrian belief has survived from ancient times through followers worldwide, greatly in Iran and India. The Zoroastrians who resolved in India an ext than one thousand years ago, described as the Parsi (Persian) community, are very influential in Indian culture today.


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Pūr Davūd. سرود‌هاىمقدسگاتها (The Hymns of The divine Gathas). Bombay: fort Printing Press, 1927. Near eastern Section, African and also Middle eastern Division, Library of conference (005.00.00)


This distinctive illuminated book of psalms, alternative between Hebrew and also Persian, is a modern work developed in Tehran to highlight the importance and value provided in Iran to every Abrahamic confidence traditions. The Persian translation created in the Nasta‘liq calligraphic layout makes the Jewish holy book easily accessible to Persian speakers and also celebrates the historic presence the Jewish spiritual communities in Iran. Persian Jews have remained in the region since classical times and along with the Zoroastrians constitute the most old faith communities that stay in Persian lands.

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کتابمزاميرحضرتداويد (The Psalms of David). Mahdī Bahman, calligrapher. Tehran, 2000. Manuscript. Near east Section, African and also Middle east Division, Library of congress (006.00.00)


A variety of Christian communities, specifically Armenian and also Syriac, preserved a solid presence in Persian lands. The Syriac or Aramaic-speaking human being in western Persia constitute among the oldest Christian areas of Persia and are referred to as the “Assyrians.” The language provided for communication and also liturgical writings is contemporary Aramaic. This rare Assyrian Christian gospel includes the an initial four publications of the new Testament and is native the Urmia region of Iran.


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The divine Qurʼān


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Call to Morning Prayer


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The resources of Jurisprudence


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Sufi Treatise



The Gift that the monarchs



The Jewel in the Crown



Shi`ite Prayer Manual



Heavenly Verses



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