At about 500 BC, the Latin language to be only spoken in the City that Rome itself and the neighboring countryside. Today 700 million human being spread throughout every continent the the human being speak a language the is obtained from Latin. Just how did this language group spread therefore far? The answer lies in the military conquests of the City that Rome in the very first Millennium BC. The roman Empire’s conquest of the Mediterranean and Western Europe, and also the story of Roman kings such as Julius Caesar and Octavian are well known. However what is perhaps much more impressive is the story of just how the early on Roman Republic, confined come a little area of central Italy, and also surrounded by many larger, wild tribes, was able to dominate the Italian Peninsula. This dominance was achieved through a mix of armed forces conquests, colonization, and also strategic alliances. At some point as Rome’s army power grew, those cities that “allied” through Rome ended up being dependent ~ above her. The map over charts the progress of Rome’s ascendency in the Italian Peninsula, the color represent different time durations where Rome’s authority was felt, either directly or v alliances. In the north, Rome came into dispute with the Etruscans, who had at one time dominated the area around Rome. To the East, the Romans were connected in three wars with the Samnites. Rome"s occupation of mainland Italy culminated in the Pyrrhic War. Through the beginning of the third Century BC, the Greeks, that had began colonizing southern Italy in the 8th Century BC, started to flourish wary the the farming influence that Rome. The Greeks invite King Pyrrhus the Epirus to aid them in their dispute with Rome. King Pyhrrus to be an esteemed general and also cousin that Alexander the Great, he was able to defeat the Romans in a number of battles, but at such a price in manpower and resources that he was quoted together saying: "If we are victorious in one much more battle through the Romans, us shall be utterly ruined." (source)

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King Pyrrhus was taken aback by the resilience the Rome, it appeared that they had actually an unlimited supply the soldier, described by Plutarch
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"..as indigenous a spring continually flowing out of the city".(source)Eventually King Pyrrhus search a compromise with Rome, but they refused any type of peace negotiations whilst he continued to be on Italian soil.


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King Pyrrhus"s final departure from Italy marked the finish of any real resistance to Roman dominance from the Greek cities of Italy. In modern-day English, the hatchet "Pyrrhic Victory" has involved mean a victory that come at a devastating expense to the victor.


Recommended Reading:

The starts of Rome: Italy indigenous the Bronze period to the Punic Wars

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The increase of the Roman empire (Penguin Classics)
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