This comprehensive biography the a male who grew in two very different worlds opens a brand-new doorway into the cultures of prerevolutionary France and postrevolutionary Georgia. Christophe Poulain DuBignon (1739-1825) was the boy of an impoverished Bréton aristocrat. Breaking society convention to interact in trade, he began his long career first as a cabin young in the navy of the French India firm and later as a sea captain and privateer. ~ retiring from the sea, DuBignon resided in France as a "bourgeois noble" with revenue from land, moneylending, and also manufacturing.Uprooted by the French Revolution, DuBignon fled come Georgia late in 1790, settling amongst other refugees indigenous France and the Caribbean. A ar long overlooked by historians of the American South, this one of planters, nobles, and also bourgeois was bound together by language, a common faith, and the émigré experience.On his Jekyll Island servant plantation, DuBignon learned to maintain cotton. However, the underwrote his new life v investments top top both sides of the Atlantic, extending his service ties come Charleston, Liverpool, and Nantes. None of his ventures, Martha L. Keber notes, compelled DuBignon come dwell lengthy on the inconsistencies between his business man drive and also his noble heritage. His worldview always remained aristocratic, patriarchal, and also conservative.DuBignon"s i of eighty-six years take it him indigenous a tradition-bound Europe to the entrepôts of the Indian ocean to the plantation society of a Georgia barrier island. Where he went, business was the constant. Based on Keber"s exhaustive research in European, African, and also American archives, Seas that Gold, Seas of noodle portrays a resilient nobleman so fine schooled in the principles of the marketplace that he succeeded in the Old World and also the New.

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This publication is a triumph of research. . . . The author takes us by the hand and leads us into the civilization of the 18th century French minor aristocracy. . . . The an outcome is the readers will gain an expertise of the French negotiations in Georgia the they never had before.

—Edward J. Cashin


Keber aims for a academic audience in this conscientious researched volume the abounds in detail and also rests top top documentation gleaned from repositories in France, south Africa, Mauritius, India, and Georgia. . . . Seas of Gold, Seas of noodle is a carefully crafted history, and perhaps an ext impressive, a model of the method in i beg your pardon the chronicler dependent principally on windy records may fashion a biography.

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—History: testimonial of new Books


In Seas the Gold, Seas of cotton Martha L. Keber limns the fascinating life of Christophe Poulain DuBignon. . . . Historians who seek a higher understanding that the Atlantic maritime world and also the ways in i m sorry the tumultuous and also stormy events of the "age the revolution" transformed the stays of those that lived with them will certainly profit native this book. Indeed, Keber"s work will appeal come anyone interested in a great story, well told.