This religion began about 2000 years ago in China. The name of the religious beliefs stems indigenous the Chinese word, “Tao” an interpretation the way. It is thought that Lao Tsu (or Tzu) established the religion circa 550 B.C. Taoism started out as just a philosophy; it to be not till 142, when Zhang Daoling started the “Way of the Celestial Masters” sect, the Taoism came to be an arranged religion. Prior to then, civilization just followed principles of Taoism as they experienced fit. Follow to Patheos.com, there are 20,000,000 followers of Taoism. Prior to China ended up being a communist country, Taoism was among the biggest religions there.




You are watching: Taoism monotheistic or polytheistic

*

The 3 Purities


Divinity and Beliefs

Taoism is a polytheistic religion; the worlds of their gods room heaven, immortals, rivers, mountains, and land. The three purities to be the highest possible gods the Taoism. They are “The Celestial Worthy of the Primordial Beginning” (“The Jade Pure One” or “The Universally Honored among Origin”), “The Celestial Worthy the the Numinous Treasure” (“The supreme Pure One” or “The Universally Honoured one of Divinities and also Treasures”), and “The Celestial Worthy that the means and its Power” (“The cool Pure One” or “The Universally Honored one of Tao and Virtues”). The Jade Pure One is the enlarge of the three deities, and also is recognized as the “source the learning and also the primordial writer of the an initial Taoist scriptures. The can be fried Pure One reflects Taoist scriptures to humans and lesser deities. The grand Pure One is the god who is the most associated with humans. Other Taoist divine beings are the five Emperors of the five Directions, the Jade Emperor, and the four Heavenly Emperors. (For more information top top Taoist god click here.)

There are many principles that Taoists follow. Part are:

The One: the spirit of Tao, i m sorry is thought to it is in the “essential power of life”Wu and Yu: not-having and having (respectively)Te: virtue or awareness that the Tao coupled with the ability to adhere to the TaoTzu Jan: naturalnessWu Wei: going with the flowYin Yang: the rule of complementary forces that space in harmony v each otherCh’i: the energy that patent life and connects it come the world


*

Example the a interpreted Tao dare Ching


Religious texts

The two main Taoist texts space the Tao dare Ching and the Chuang-tzu. The Tao car Ching (Dao De Jing, Daode Jing, or Lao-Tzu) is the biggest Taoist text. That was composed circa 300 B.C. Similar to the Bible, there was no one author of the Tao te Ching, although some think Lao Tzu. The publication consists the eighty one short chapters. The Chuang-tzu was published after the Tao te Ching, but they began working on it prior to the Tao te Ching. Chuang-tzu is provided credit for creating the Chuang-tzu. The Tao car Ching is much more about the fundamentals that Taoism (“the Way”), when the Chuang-tzu contains much more reflections.

Places that Worship and also Worship Practices




See more: The First Major Military Engagement Of The American Revolution Took Place Near A

*

Taoist Temple


Although taoists carry out not always worship in temples, the is whereby they prayer their deities. There are numerous practices in Taoism: feng shui, recitation, talismans, and mind and also body activities. Feng shui uses the Taoist principle of Yin Yang, to create spaces that enable the appropriate balance of energies in that particular space. Recitation is the repetition of texts from the Tao te Ching. This practice is believed to “cure sickness, banish evil spirits, bring an excellent luck, prolong life, and bring humans beings closer to the Tao.” Talismans are provided for purification, healing, and also protection. The talisman is a piece of file with a prize or word on it. Each talisman was (or is) handwritten by a “qualified” person. The mind and body activities are designed come purify one’s physical and mental beings. These activities include meditation, Tai Chi (form of martial arts), breathing, exercising, and diet. A usual Taoist diet does not contain meat, grains, beans, and also alcohol.