1) Compounds with the -OH team attached come a saturated alkane-like carbon are known asA) alcohols.B) alkyl halides.C) ethers.D) hydroxyls.E) phenols.

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2) Compounds v an oxygen atom bonded to two organic teams are known asA) alcohols.B) ethers.C) hydroxides.D) hydroxyls.E) phenols.


3) nobody of the following organic link is really likely to type hydrogen binding exceptA) alkanes.B) alkenes.C) alcohols.D) aromatics.E) ethers


4) Alcohols, ethers, and phenols can be taken into consideration organic derivatives that the inorganic compoundA) ammonia.B) carbon dioxide.C) salt hydroxide.D) water.E) nobody of these


5) i beg your pardon molecule shown is one ether?


6) What is the inorganic compound that can be considered the structural basis because that alcohols and ethers? discuss two methods in i beg your pardon the physical properties that alcohols and also ethers are comparable to properties of this compound.


Answer: Alcohols and also ethers can be taken into consideration to it is in derivatives of water. Comparable physical nature include:Polarity: Water is a very polar molecule; alcohols and also ethers additionally display polarity.Boiling point: Water has a higher boiling suggest than predicted on the basis of its molar mass. Alcohols likewise share this characteristic, but ethers perform not.Solubility: Water is miscible with other polar liquids; alcohols and ethers of low molar mass are miscible with water and with every other due to the fact that of your polarity.


7) The alcohol which has only one carbon atom and has the usual name of wood alcohol isA) ethanol.B) glycerol.C) glycol.D) methanol.E) phenol.


8) The common name the CH3OH isA) grain alcohol.B) hardwood alcohol.C) rubbing alcohol.D) antifreeze.E) glycerol.


9) The alcohol which includes two carbon atoms and has the typical name of grain alcohol isA) ethanol.B) glycerol.C) glycol.D) methanol.E) phenol.


10) The common name the CH3CH2OH isA) serial alcohol.B) lumber alcohol.C) rubbing alcohol.D) antifreeze.E) glycerol.


11) The molecule with three carbon atoms v an -OH team on each, and also used as a moisturizer isA) ethanol.B) glycerol.C) glycol.D) methanol.E) phenol.


12) The usual name of CH2(OH)CH2OH isA) grain alcohol.B) timber alcohol.C) rubbing alcohol.D) ethylene glycol (antifreeze).E) glycerol.


13) Rubbing alcohol is a solution ofA) ethylene glycol.B) glycerol.C) isopropyl alcohol.D) ethanol.E) methanol.


14) i beg your pardon of the complying with is frequently known together glycerol?


15) i beg your pardon molecule displayed is a glycol?


16) The typical name the 1,2-ethanediol isA) grain alcohol.B) wood alcohol.C) rubbing alcohol.D) ethylene glycol (antifreeze)E) glycerol.


17) The typical name the CH3CH(OH)CH3 in water solution isA) grain alcohol.B) timber alcohol.C) rubbing alcohol.D) antifreeze.E) glycerol


18) What is the IUPAC surname of the link shown?

A) 4-methyl-2-pentanolB) 2-methyl-4-pentanolC) 4,4-dimethyl-2-butanolD) 2,2-dimethyl-4-butanolE) 2-isohexanol


19) The IUPAC surname of the alcohol presented is

A) 2,3-dimethyl-1-pentanol.B) 2,3-dimethyl-5-pentanol.C) 3,4-dimethyl-1-pentanol.D) 3,4-dimethyl-5-pentanol.E) major 2,3-dimethylpentanol.


20) What is the IUPAC name of the link shown?

A) 4-ethyl-1-hexanolB) 3-ethyl-6-hexanolC) 3-ethyl-1-hexanolD) 4,4-diethyl-1-butanolE) isooctanol


21) The surname of the alcohol shown is

A) 2,4,4-trimethyl-3-pentanol.B) 2,2,4-trimethyl-3-pentanol.C) branched 3-octanol.D) trimethyl-3-pentanol.E) secondary 2,4,4-pentanol.


22) What is the organized name for the complying with compound?

A) 2-methyl-3-pentanolB) 2-methyl-3-pentenolC) 4-methyl-3-pentanolD) 3-methyl-2-pentanol


23) What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown?

A) butanetriolB) 1,3,4-butanetriolC) 1,2,4-butanetriolD) 2-hydroxy-1,4-butanediolE) butylene glycol


24) compound of the kind R3C-OH are referred to as ________ alcohols.A) primaryB) secondaryC) tertiaryD) quaternaryE) nobody of the above


25) compounds of the form R2CH-OH are referred to as ________ alcohols.A) primaryB) secondaryC) tertiaryD) quaternaryE) nobody of the above


26) compound of the type RCH2-OH are described as ________ alcohols.A) primaryB) secondaryC) tertiaryD) quaternaryE) no one of the above


27) Which compound is a tertiary alcohol?A) 1-propanolB) 2-methyl-1-hexanolC) 2-methyl-2-hexanolD) 3-methyl-2-hexanolE) 3-hexanol


28) which molecule displayed is a main alcohol?


29) The molecule shown is a ________ alcohol due to the fact that ________.

A) primary; it has actually one -OH groupB) primary; that -OH team is top top the finish of the moleculeC) secondary; the carbon bonded to the -OH team is external inspection to two other carbonsD) secondary; each team bonded to the hydroxyl carbon includes two carbon atomsE) tertiary; the -OH is bonded to the number 3 carbon


30) i m sorry molecule presented is a second alcohol?


31) one alcohol is classified together primary, second or tertiary based onA) the variety of carbon atom bonded come the carbon bearing the five group.B) the variety of carbon atoms in the molecule.C) the number of hydrogens current in the alcohol.D) the variety of OH groups current in the molecule.E) the massive of the alcohol


34) The fairly high boiling allude of alcohols in relationship to their molecular weights is the an outcome ofA) covalent bonding.B) dipolar forces.C) hydrogen bonding.D) ionic bonding.E) London forces.


35) all of the adhering to properties that alcohols are impacted by hydrogen bonding exceptA) boil point.B) miscibility through water.C) ability to dissolve polar substances.D) molecule weight.E) nobody of the above


36) Which compound is the most soluble in water?A) CH3CH2CH2CH2OHB) CH3CH2CH2OHC) CH3CH2CH2CH3D) CH3CH2CH3E) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3


37) Which link is the the very least soluble in water?A) CH3CH2CH2CH2OHB) CH3CH2CH2OHC) CH3CH2CH2CH3D) CH3CH2CH3E) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3


38) which compound has the shortest boiling point?A) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2OHB) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3C) CH3CH2CH2CH2OHD) CH3CH2CH2CH3E) CH3CH2CH2OH


39) which of the adhering to would at ideal be only very slightly dissolve in water?A) 1-hexanolB) 2-propanolC) 1,5-pentanediolD) 1-propanolE) 2-butanol


41) i beg your pardon compound has actually the highest possible boiling point?A) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2OHB) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3C) CH3CH2CH2CH2OHD) CH3CH2CH2CH3E) CH3CH2CH2OH


42) which of the following is the many soluble in water?A) diethyl etherB) methanolC) 1-butanolD) 1-decanolE) decane


43) i beg your pardon of the following is the most soluble in water?A) HOCH2CH2CH2OHB) CH3CH2CH2CH2OHC) CH3CH2OCH2CH3D) CH3CH2CH2CH3E) CH3CH2CH2OCH3


44) i beg your pardon of the adhering to would be the least soluble in water?A) HOCH2CH2CH2OHB) CH3CH2CH2CH2OHC) CH3CH2OCH2CH3D) CH3CH2CH2CH3E) CH3CH2CH2OCH3


45) i m sorry compound has actually the lowest boiling point?A) CH3CH2CH2CH2OHB) CH3CH2CH2OHC) CH3CH2OCH2CH3D) CH3CH2OCH3E) CH3CH2CH2OCH3


46) i m sorry compound has actually the greatest boiling point?A) CH3CH2CH2CH2OHB) CH3CH2CH2OHC) CH3CH2OCH2CH3D) CH3CH2OCH3E) CH3CH2CH2OCH3


47) i m sorry compound would certainly you suppose to have the shortest boiling point?A) methaneB) methanolC) dimethyl etherD) ethanolE) water


48) which alcohol is many soluble in water?A) ethanolB) 1-propanolC) 1-butanolD) 1-pentanolE) 1-hexanol


49) Describe and also explain the readjust in water solubility of straight-chain major alcohols as molar fixed increases.


Answer: as the molar fixed of these alcohols increases, the water solubility decreases. This occurs because the polarity the the hydroxyl group, i m sorry is the factor for the communication with the polar water molecules, i do not care less essential as the dimension of the nonpolar hydrocarbon part of the molecule increases.


50) The product that dehydration of an alcohol is an

A) alkane.B) alkene.C) aromatic.D) ether.E) aldehyde.


51) Oxidation of one alcohol group results in development of a(an) ________ group.A) alkylB) aromaticC) carbonylD) etherE) hydroxyl


52) The symbol written above a reaction arrow meansA) oxygen is gotten rid of from among the reactants during the reaction.B) the reaction spend oxygen from the atmosphere.C) that an oxidation reaction is occurring.D) that a palliation reaction is occurring and also oxygen is liberated.E) nobody of the above


53) Oxidation of R2CHOH will produceA) an aldehyde.B) a ketone.C) an alkene.D) a carboxylic acid.E) no reaction.


54) Oxidation that a tertiary alcohol will certainly produceA) one aldehyde.B) a ketone.C) an alkene.D) a carboxylic acid.E) no reaction.


55) therapy of CH3CH2CH2OH with a restricted amount that oxidizing agent will certainly produceA) an aldehyde.B) a ketone.C) an alkene.D) a carboxylic acid.E) no reaction


56) treatment of CH3CH2OH with an excess amount of oxidizing agent will produceA) an aldehyde.B) a ketone.C) an alkene.D) a carboxylic acid.E) no reaction.


57) tenderness oxidation of a major alcohol will produceA) an aldehyde.B) one alkene.C) a carboxylic acid.D) one ether.E) a ketone.


58) gentle oxidation that a secondary alcohol will produceA) an aldehyde.B) one alkene.C) a carboxylic acid.D) an ether.E) a ketone.


59) strong oxidation of a major alcohol will produce

A) an aldehyde.B) an alkene.C) a carboxylic acid.D) an ether.E) a ketone.


61) treatment of the molecule presented with a strong oxidizing agent will produce

A) an aldehyde.B) one alkene.C) a carboxylic acid.D) a ketone.E) no reaction.


62) i beg your pardon of the adhering to alcohols would not be able to be oxidized through any form of oxidizing agent?


63) treatment of the molecule shown with a dehydrating agent will produce

A) one aldehyde.B) one alkene.C) a carboxylic acid.D) a ketone.E) no reaction.


64) The significant product derived from dehydration of 2-hexanol isA) 1-hexene.B) 2-hexene.C) 3-hexene.D) 2-hexanone.E) 2-hexanal


65) i m sorry alcohol have to be supplied to develop 2-methyl-3-pentene by dehydration?A) 2-methyl-3-pentanolB) 4-methyl-2-pentanolC) 4-methyl-1-pentanolD) 2-methyl-1-pentanolE) 1-propanol and also 2-propanol


66) The significant product resulting from the dehydration of

A) 1-pentene.B) 2-pentene.C) n-pentane.D) 1,2-pentanediol.E) 1,3-pentanediol.


68) What is the product the the oxidation of a second alcohol?A) ketoneB) aldehydeC) alkeneD) carboxylic acidE) alkyne


69) Oxidation reaction are characterized differently in necessary chemistry 보다 they space in not natural chemistry. Provide the meaning of both and explain their similarities.


Answer: The inorganic definition of oxidation is loss of electrons. The organic definition is development of added bonds between carbon and also oxygen (or a to decrease in the number of carbon-hydrogen bonds). This are comparable because when carbon forms a bond through electronegative oxygen, it essentially loses several of its attraction for its electrons.


70) The simplest aromatic alcohol, known by its strong medicinal odor and used as a disinfectant isA) ethanol.B) glycerol.C) glycol.D) methanol.E) phenol.


71) Which compound is sometimes referred to as carbolic acid?A) ethanolB) methanolC) glycerolD) etherE) phenol


72) Compounds through the -OH team attached come an aromatic ring are recognized asA) alcohols.B) alkyl halides.C) ethers.D) hydroxyls.E) phenols.


74) i beg your pardon molecule would certainly be the many acidic?A) dimethyl etherB) ethanolC) phenolD) waterE) 1-hexanol


75) when phenol acts as an acid, a ________ ion is produced.A) phenylB) benzylC) phenolateD) phenolicE) phenoxide


76) The molecule CH3CH2CH2OCH2CH3 deserve to be divide asA) an alcohol.B) one aldehyde.C) an alkane.D) one ether.E) a ketone


77) every one of the following are properties of ethers exceptA) the molecules space polar, but do not form hydrogen bond with various other ether molecules.B) short molecular load ethers are flammable and also evaporate easily.C) ethers dissolve conveniently in water in every proportions.D) ethers are relatively unreactive except for flammability.E) ethers dissolve plenty of organic link readily.

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78) What is the IUPAC surname of the compound shown?

CH3CH2CH2OCH3

A) 1,2-etherbutaneB) methyl propyl etherC) propyl methyl etherD) butyl etherE) isobutyl ether


79) Ether molecules are polar, yet do not type hydrogen binding with other ether molecules becauseA) the molecule are usually too large.B) over there is no hydrogen atom external inspection to the oxygen.C) there room too many hydrogen atom on the molecules to link with simply one oxygen atom.D) only binary compounds type hydrogen bonds.E) ether molecules are so reactive that they never have an possibility to kind hydrogen bonds.


80) What is the methodical name that the complying with compound?

A) 2-methoxy propaneB) 2-ethoxy propaneC) ethyl methyl etherD) diethyl ether


81) organic compounds which space sulfur analogs the alcohols are referred to as

A) sulfuric alcohols.B) disulfidesC) halides.D) thiols.E) carbonyls


82) Which building of thiols renders them advantageous as additives to organic gas?A) flammabilityB) solubilityC) odorD) colorE) disinfectant


83) The reaction conditions which would an outcome in development of disulfides from thiols areA) soft oxidizing.B) gentle heat.C) strong heat.D) solid acid.E) none of these


84) What is the IUPAC name of the link shown?

A) 2-thiobutaneB) 3-thiobutanolC) 2-butanethiolD) 1-methyl-1-thiopropaneE) 1-methyl-1-propanethiol


85) once a thiol is oxidized the product isA) an aldehyde.B) a ketone.C) sulfuric acid.D) a disulfide.E) one alkene


86) The most characteristic feature of thiols is ________A) odorB) solubility in waterC) reactivity v waterD) boiling pointE) color


87) What is the IUPAC surname of the compound shown?

A) di(chloroethane)B) 2,3-dichlorobutaneC) 1,2-dichloro-1,2-dimethylethaneD) 1,2-dichloro-1-methylpropaneE) 2,3-dichlorbutane


88) What is the IUPAC surname for the link shown?

A) 3-bromo-2-chloro-3-methylpentaneB) 3-bromomethyl-2-chloro-pentaneC) bromochlorohexaneD) 3-bromo-4-chloro-3-methylpentaneE) nobody of these


89) offer the IUPAC name for the following compound:

A) 1,2-dibromo-1-methyl butaneB) 2,3-dibromopentaneC) 3,4-dibromopentaneD) 2,3-bromopentane


90) all of the adhering to can it is in classified together alkyl halides exceptA) styrene, the monomer used to do foam coffee cups.B) chloroform, one anesthetic.C) iodoform, one disinfectantD) methyl bromide, one insecticide.E) CFC"s supplied as refrigerants