What is Multiplication?

Multiplication, among the four basic operations that arithmetic, offers the an outcome of combining teams of same sizes.

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Here each team has 3 ice creams, and there space two together groups. So, there space 2 times 3 or 3 + 3 or 6 ice cream creams in total. In other words, multiplication is recurring addition.

Multiplication is stood for by the indicators cross ‘×’, asterisk ‘*’ or dot ‘·’. As soon as we multiply two numbers, the prize we gain is dubbed ‘product’. The number of objects in each group is called ‘multiplicand,’ and the variety of such equal groups is dubbed ‘multiplier’.

For example:

3 × 7 = 7 + 7 + 7 = 21

5 × 6 = 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 = 30


In the given image, 4 flowers have actually 8 petals each. To find the total number of petals, we have the right to multiply the number of flowers through the variety of petals in each flower. Thus, the multiplicand is 8, the multiplier is 4, and also the product is 4 × 8 or 32. The is, there are 32 petals in all.


Multiplication using number line

Representing a multiplication declare on a number line can be excellent by taking jumps the multiplier number of times, that size identical to the multiplicand indigenous zero.

For example:

4 × 2 = 8


Properties the multiplication

Commutative Property: when we multiply 2 numbers, the order doesn’t matter. Because that numbers a and b, a × b = b × a.

Associative Property: for numbers a, b, and c, (a × b) × c = a × (b × c).

Distributive Property: for numbers a, b, and c, a × (b + c) = (a × b) + (a × c).

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Fun Facts:

If we multiply a number by 1, the product stays the very same number. 1 is the identity element under multiplication.If we multiply a number by 0, the product is zero.