The Renaissance was a fervent period of european cultural, artistic, political and also economic “rebirth” following the middle Ages. Generally explained as occurring from the 14th century to the 17th century, the Renaissance supported the rediscovery of timeless philosophy, literature and art. Some of the best thinkers, authors, statesmen, scientists and artists in human being thrived during this era, while an international exploration opened up new lands and also cultures to european commerce. The Renaissance is credited with bridging the gap in between the center Ages and also modern-day civilization.

From Darkness to Light: The Renaissance starts

During the middle Ages, a duration that take it place between the fall of ancient Rome in 476 A.D. And the start of the 14th century, europe made couple of advances in science and art.

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Also well-known as the “Dark Ages,” the era is frequently branded as a time that war, ignorance, famine and pandemics such together the black Death.

Some historians, however, believe that such grim depictions that the Middle eras were significantly exaggerated, though many agree the there was fairly little for for old Greek and also Roman philosophies and also learning at the time.

READ MORE: 6 factors the Dark ages Weren't therefore Dark


During the 14th century, a cultural movement referred to as humanism began to obtain momentum in Italy. Amongst its plenty of principles, humanism promoted the idea that man was the center of his very own universe, and also people should take on human achievements in education, classic arts, literature and science.

In 1450, the development of the Gutenberg to press press enabled for improved communication throughout Europe and also for ideas to spread an ext quickly.

As a an outcome of this breakthrough in communication, little-known texts from at an early stage humanist authors such as those through Francesco Petrarch and also Giovanni Boccaccio, which advocated the rejuvenation of traditional Greek and also Roman society and values, to be printed and also distributed come the masses.

Additionally, plenty of scholars believe advances in worldwide finance and also trade impacted society in Europe and set the stage for the Renaissance.

Medici family members

The Renaissance began in Florence, Italy, a place with a rich cultural where wealthy citizens can afford to assistance budding artists.

Members of the powerful Medici family, which rule Florence for an ext than 60 years, were famed backers the the movement.

Great Italian writers, artists, politicians and others claimed that they to be participating in one intellectual and also artistic revolution that would be much different from what castle experienced during the Dark Ages.

The movement very first expanded to various other Italian city-states, such as Venice, Milan, Bologna, Ferrara and also Rome. Then, during the 15th century, Renaissance ideas spread from Italy to France and also then throughout western and also northern Europe.

Although other European countries experienced your Renaissance later on than Italy, the effects were quiet revolutionary.

Renaissance Geniuses

Some of the many famous and groundbreaking Renaissance intellectuals, artists, scientists and writers include the likes of:

Giotto (1266-1337): Italian painter and architect whose an ext realistic depictions of human emotions affected generations of artists. Ideal known because that his frescoes in the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua.

William Tyndale (1494–1536): English biblical translator, humanist and also scholar burned at the stake because that translating the scriptures into English.

William Byrd (1539/40–1623): English composer known for his development of the English madrigal and his spiritual organ music.

Renaissance Art, Architecture and Science

Art, architecture and also science were carefully linked throughout the Renaissance. In fact, it to be a distinctive time once these fields of examine fused together seamlessly.

For instance, artists like da Vinci incorporated scientific principles, such together anatomy right into their work, for this reason they might recreate the human body through extraordinary precision.

Architects such together Filippo Brunelleschi studied math to that s right engineer and also design immense buildings with expansive domes.

Scientific explorations led to major shifts in thinking: Galileo and also Descartes presented a brand-new view that astrology and also mathematics, when Copernicus proposed the the Sun, not the Earth, to be the facility of the solar system.

Renaissance arts was characterized by realism and naturalism. Artist strived to depict people and also objects in a true-to-life way.

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They used techniques, such as perspective, shadows and also light to include depth to their work. Emotion was one more quality the artists tried to infuse into their pieces.

Some of the most famous artistic works the were developed during the Renaissance include:

The Mona Lisa (Da Vinci)The last Supper (Da Vinci)Statue that David (Michelangelo)The bear of Venus (Botticelli)The creation of Adam (Michelangelo)

Renaissance exploration

While many artists and thinkers supplied their talent to express brand-new ideas, some Europeans took to the seas to learn an ext about the world roughly them. In a duration known together the period of Discovery, several crucial explorations to be made.

Voyagers launched expeditions to take trip the entire globe. They discovered new shipping routes to the Americas, India and also the much East and explorers trekked throughout areas the weren’t completely mapped.

Famous journeys were taken through Ferdinand Magellan, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci (after whom America is named), Marco Polo, Ponce de Leon, Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Hernando De Soto and other explorers.

READ MORE: The age of Exploration

Renaissance religion

Humanism urged Europeans to question the role of the roman Catholic church throughout the Renaissance.

As much more people learned how to read, write and interpret ideas, they began to carefully examine and critique faith as they knew it. Also, the print press enabled for texts, including the Bible, come be quickly reproduced and also widely review by the people, themselves, because that the an initial time.

In the 16th century, boy name Luther, a German monk, led the Protestant reformation – a revolutionary motion that led to a split in the Catholic church. Luther questioned many of the practices of the church and whether they aligned with the teachings of the Bible.

As a result, a new type of Christianity, known as Protestantism, to be created.

End that the Renaissance

Scholars believe the demise of the Renaissance to be the an outcome of number of compounding factors.

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By the end of the 15th century, numerous wars had plagued the Italian peninsula. Spanish, French and also German invaders battling because that Italian territories led to disruption and also instability in the region.