The duration of Queen Victoria\"s reign, native 1837 till her fatality in 1901 was marked by scan progress and ingenuity.

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The period of Queen Victoria\"s reign, indigenous 1837 until her death in 1901 was significant by scan progress and also ingenuity.

It was the moment of the world’s an initial Industrial Revolution, politics reform and also social change, Charles Dickens and Charles Darwin, a railway boom and also the very first telephone and telegraph. But the victorian Era—the 63-year duration from 1837-1901 that marked the reign of England’s Queen Victoria—also witnessed a death of rural life together cities promptly grew and expanded, long and regimented factory hours, the begin of the Crimean War and Jack the Ripper.


Victoria, that ascended the throne at period 18 complying with the fatality of she uncle, william IV, is Britain’s second-longest reigning king (surpassed by Queen Elizabeth II). At just 4-feet-11-inches tall, her dominance during one of Britain’s greatest ages saw the nation serving together the world’s greatest empire, through one-fourth that the worldwide population owing allegiance come the queen.

Here is a timeline that innovations and events that helped specify the victorian Era.


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One the the very first photographs for which Queen Victoria ever posed, circa 1854.

Roger Fenton/Getty Images


Aug. 1, 1834: The British empire abolishes slavery, and much more than 800,000 servants in the brothers Caribbean space freed. The government provides damages to slave owners, but nothing to formerly enslaved people.

June 20, 1837: Queen Victoria take away the crown at the age of 18. The nephew of King George III, her father passed away when she was simply 8 months old, and her three uncles additionally died, putting her very first in line together heir come the throne.


July 25, 1837: The very first electric telegraph is sent in between English inventor wilhelm Fothergill Cooke and also scientist Charles Wheatstone, that went ~ above to discovered The electrical Telegraph Company.


May 8, 1838: The People’s Charter, the an outcome of a political and social reform protest movement, calls because that a an ext democratic system including six points: the best to poll for men age 21 and also older; no building qualification to operation for Parliament; annual elections; equal representation; payment for members of Parliament; and vote by an enig ballot.


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Entrance come the locomotive engine house during the building and construction of the London & Birmingham Railway. 

Historica Graphica Collection/Heritage Images/Getty Images


Sept. 17, 1838: The very first modern rail line, the London-Birmingham Railway, opens, starting the steam-powered railway boom and also revolutionizing travel.

Feb. 10, 1840: Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, her first cousin. Together queen, she was the one come propose. During their 21 years of marital relationship (until Albert passed away of typhoid in 1861) the pair had ripe children.

May 1, 1840: The coin Black, the world’s very first postage stamp sold for one penny, is released in Britain, special a file portrait the Queen Victoria. Much more than 70 millions letter are sent within the next year, a number tripled in two years. It’s soon duplicated in other countries, and the rubber stamp is provided for 40 years.


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English novelist Charles Dickens (1812-1870).

Hulton-Deutsch Collection/Corbis/Getty Images


Dec. 19, 1843: Charles Dickens, one of the era’s greatest writers, posting A Christmas Carol. Other works from the author during this period: Oliver Twist, Great Expectations, David Copperfield and Nicholas Nickleby, among others.

September 1845: Ireland’s potato crop starts to rot, resulting in the four-year irish Potato Famine, additionally known together the good Hunger, that cause 1 million deaths and caused 1 million civilization to emigrate indigenous the country, landing in various cities throughout phibìc America and good Britain.

May 1, 1851: The brainchild that Prince Albert, the good Exhibition opens in London’s decision Palace, with 10,000-plus exhibitors displaying the world’s technical wonders—from false this to farm yard machinery to telescopes. Six million visitors attend what would become the first World’s Fair, before it close the door in October.

Dec. 24, 1853: The vaccination Act provides it obligated for youngsters born ~ Aug. 1, 1853, to it is in vaccinated against smallpox. Parents failing to comply space fined or imprisoned.

March 28, 1854: France and also Britain declare battle on Russia, launching the Crimean War, which greatly surrounds the defense of the civil liberties of minority Christians in the footrest Empire. Wgc2010.org’s most famous nurse, Florence Nightingale, helps minimize the death count through two-thirds by enhancing unsanitary conditions.


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Nov. 24, 1859: The controversial On the beginning of Species by Charles Darwin is published, presenting his theory of natural an option and questioning the theory of creation.

Dec. 9, 1868: Liberal wilhelm Gladstone loss Conservative Benjamin Disraeli to come to be prime minister, a position he hosted for 4 terms. His legacy has reform for Ireland, establishing an elementary education and learning program and instituting mystery ballot voting.

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March 7, 1876: scots Alexander Graham Bell is vested a patent ~ above his creation of the telephone, and, three days later, famously makes the first phone call to thomas Watson, his assistant.

May 1, 1876: India, which has actually been under british rule since 1858, declares Queen Victoria empress, under direction of prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli.

Aug.-Nov. 1888: an unknown killer, named Jack the Ripper, murders and mutilates 5 prostitutes in London.

Jan. 22, 1901: Queen Victoria die on the Isle that Wight at age 81, finishing the victorian Era. She is prospered by Edward VII, she eldest son, that reigned till his death in 1910.