from the rasping tongueby change of center ear bonesfrom the bony armor that ostracodermsby change of the skeletal rods that previously supported the anterior pharyngeal gill slitsfrom arthropod jaws


4. By change of the skeleton rods that previously supported the anterior pharyngeal gill slits

Identify the exactly statement(s) about animal classification. Select all that apply.

You are watching: The primates that spend the most time walking upright are the _____.

Craniates have actually a head and neural comb cells.Reptiles can be identified as ectothermic amniotes.Animals have actually a cranium, fur, and mammary glands.


Living vertebrates have the right to be separated into two significant clades. Choose the suitable pair.

the chordates and the tetrapodsthe marsupials and also the eutheriansthe cyclostomes and also the gnathostomesthe urochordates and also the cephalochardates


As hominins sail from other primates, i m sorry of the following showed up first?

reduced jawbonesan enlarged brainlanguagebipedal locomotionthe make of rock tools


Which the the following might be thought about the many recent common ancestor of living tetrapods?

an armored, jawed placoderm v two pairs of appendagesa sturdy-finned, shallow-water lobe-fin who appendages had actually skeletal supports comparable to those the terrestrial vertebratesa salamander that had actually legs supported by a bony skeleton however moved through the side-to-side bending common of fishesan beforehand ray-finned fish that arisen bony skeletal supports in its paired finsan at an early stage terrestrial caecilian whose legless condition had advanced secondarily


1. A sturdy-finned, shallow-water lobe-fin who appendages had skeletal supports similar to those the terrestrial vertebrates


Unlike eutherians, both monotremes and also marsupials

lay eggs.have some embryonic advancement outside the uterus.lack nipples.include just insectivores and also herbivores.are uncovered in Australia and Africa.


2. Have actually some embryonic advancement outside the uterus.


Vertebrates and also tunicates share

a high degree of cephalization.a notochord and also a dorsal, hollow nerve cord.jaws adapted for feeding.an endoskeleton that contains a skull.


2. A notochord and a dorsal, hole nerve cord.

There space three major groups that mammals, categorized on the basis of their _____.

method the locomotionsizepresence or lack of hairhabitatmethod of reproduction


5. An approach of reproduction

Which of this primate teams is most carefully related to hominids?

apesOld human being monkeyslorisesprosimiansNew human being monkeys


1. Apes

_____ are the oldest well-known primate group.

ApesProsimiansAnthropoidsHominidsMonkeys


2. Prosimians


The primates that invest the most time walking upright space the _____.

apesprosimiansNew civilization monkeyshominidsOld people monkeys


4. Hominids


Which of this anthropoid groups consists of primates that are largely tree dwellers and also whose forelimbs and hind limbs are around equal in length?

monkeyshominidsprosimiansprimatesapes


1. Monkeys


Which of this primate teams lives in tree in central and south America and also have nostrils the are wide open and far apart?

hominidsapesNew civilization monkeysanthropoidsOld civilization monkeys


2. Apes

Vertebrates and tunicates share

a notochord and also a dorsal, hole nerve cord.jaws adjusted for feeding.a high degree of cephalization.an endoskeleton that contains a skull.


1. A notochord and also a dorsal, hole nerve cord.


The diagnostic attribute of Chondrichthyes is _____.

a lateral heat systemjawsa swim bladderan endoskeleton that calcified cartilagea streamlined, torpedo-shaped body


4. An endoskeleton that calcified cartilage

Select the vertebrate taxon or taxa who origin(s) associated duplication of Hox genes. Select all the apply.

CraniatesThe genus HomoGnathostomes


The genus HomoGnathostomes


Based on this phylogeny, i beg your pardon vertebrate groups would you expect to have lungs or lung derivatives? choose all the apply.

MyxiniActinopterygiiActinistiaDipnoiAmphibiaReptiliaMammalia


- Actinopterygii- Actinistia- Dipnoi- Amphibia- Reptilia- Mammalia

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Which that the following chordates is most likely to look the very least like other chordates?

adult tunicatelanceletembryonic humanlarval tunicateadult human


1. Adult tunicate

Which the the following chordate teams include(s) humans? select all the apply.

GnathostomesHomininsAmniotes


all the the over

Which of these primate teams is most carefully related to hominids?

a) apes

b) Old human being monkeys

c) lorises

d) prosimians

e) new World monkeys


a) apes


Identify the correct statement(s) about animal classification.

Select all that apply.

o Reptiles deserve to be defined as ectothermic amniotes.

o animals have a cranium, fur, and mammary glands.

o Craniates have a head and neural stakes cells.


o Craniates have actually a head and neural comb cells.


Listed listed below are 4 adaptations of terrestrial vertebrates. I m sorry is a characteristic only of important terrestrial animals with no have to return come water at any stage of the life cycle?

a) mind with much more than two chambers

b) tetrapod locomotion

c) lungs

d) amniotic eggs

e) all of these are important for a fully terrestrial existence.


d) amniotic eggs


The fossil record documents trends in which brains the are large relative to body size developed in specific lineages, consisting of hominins.

In together lineages, what deserve to you infer around the costs and benefits of large brains?


a) The development of bigger brains might have occurred through random genetic drift, therefore no conclusion about the costs and benefits of large brains can be reached.

b) Natural selection favored the development of larger brains, suggesting that the services of large brains outweighed the costs.

c) Natural selection favored the development of bigger brains, suggesting that the prices of big brains outweighed the benefits.

d) The advancement of bigger brains might have emerged through random hereditary drift, suggesting that the costs and benefits of huge brains were around equal.


Why might natural an option have favored the evolution of large brains in spite of their high maintenance costs?

a) large brains might make it much less likely for people to obtain mates.

b) large brains might make people less effective at increasing offspring.

c) huge brains use an ext energy.

d) huge brains might make individuals an ext likely come survive and reproduce.


d) big brains may make individuals much more likely come survive and reproduce.

This phylogenetic tree indicates that mammals are most closely related come _____.

a) sharks, rays, and chimaeras

b) ray-finned fishes

c) tunicates

d) reptiles

e) amphibians


d) reptiles


According come this phylogenetic tree, the animals most very closely related come reptiles and also mammals space _____.

See more: Which Statement Is Accurate Regarding Reynaud Disease? ? Med Surg Ch

a) sharks, rays, and chimaeras

b) amphibians

c) lampreys

d) ray-finned fishes

e) lancelets


b) amphibians


Which of these is the only chordate team that has hair?

a) tunicates

b) ray-finned fishes

c) mammals

d) amphibians

e) sharks, rays, and also chimaeras


c) mammals


Which the the complying with is no a diagnostic function of the Chordata?

a) a hollow dorsal nerve cord

b) pharyngeal slits or clefts

c) notochord

d) a muscular, post-anal tail

e) vertebrae


e) vertebrae

Humans room _______.

a) Australopithecus

b) Homo erectus

c) Ardipithecus

d) Homo sapiens

e) Homo habilis


d) Homo sapiens


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