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The Lespugue Venus is a 25 000 years old cream color figurine of a nude female figureThe Lespugue Venus is a figurine, a statuette of a nude female number from the Gravettian duration, dated to between 26 000 and 24 000 years back. It was discovered in 1922 in the Rideaux cave of Lespugue (Haute-Garonne) in the foothills of the Pyrenees by René de Saint-Périer (1877-1950). Approximately 6 inches (150 mm) tall, it is sculpted from tusk ivory, and was damaged during excavation. Of all the steatopygous (large posterior) Venus figurines discovered from the top Paleolithic, the Venus of Lespugue, if the rebuilding is sound, shows up to display screen the most exaggerated female second sexual attributes, especially the very huge, pendulous breasts. According to textile expert Elizabeth Wayland also Barber, the statue screens the earliest representation found of spun threview, as the carving reflects a skirt hanging from below the hips, made of twisted fibres, frayed at the finish. The Venus of Lespugue resides in France, at the Musée de l"Homme.
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Front watch of the Lespugue Venus. This venus was carved from ivory and was damaged throughout excavation.Photo: Plazy (2001)Source: Paris, Musée de l"Homme
The Lespugue venus, side check out. Photo: http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_sZFAimFLpE4/TLSP5yzzmII/AAAAAAAAACA/agTKkdY85ms/s1600/Venus+de+Lespugne2.JPG
The Lespugue venus, back view. Photo: Leroi-Gourhan (1982)
The Lespugue venus, Front and also ago check out. Photo:Don Hitchcock 2018Source: Original, Paris, Musée de l"Homme
The Lespugue venus, right and left view. Photo:Don Hitchcock 2018Source: Original, Paris, Musée de l"Homme
The Lespugue venus, front and also back check out. Photo: Cohen (2003)
The Lespugue venus. Photo: http://www.arretetonchar.fr/
Lespugue Venus Photo: Gimbutas (1996)
Lespugue Venus Photo: Don Hitchcock 2008Source: Facsimile at the Venusium, a museum at Willendorf in Austria.
Lespugue Venus Photo: Don Hitchcock 2008Source: Facsimile at the Vienna Natural History Museum.
Replica of the Venus of Lespugue, carved from tusk cream color (Gravettian, Upper Paleolithic); France, Musée de L"Homme, ParisPhoto: José-Manuel Benito / Locutus BorgDate: May 2006Permission: This work-related has actually been released right into the public doprimary.
La Statuette féminine de Lespugue (Haute-Garonne)
Dr René de Saint-Périerde Saint-Périer (1924)The female statuette, which I have the honour to market a facsimile to the Society for its collections, was discovered on 9th August 1922 in the Grotte des Rideaux, at Lespugue (Haute Garronne). This cave which I had actually announced ideal here, on its discovery in 1911, has actually been tough to translate in its anterior part, bereason of the mixture of Palaeolithic objects via those from the Middle ages period, which has not allowed the recording of a rigorous stratigraphy. But at some metres from the enattempt, the layers being undisturbed, a much more precise determination of age was possible. I recognised then, resuming the excavations after the battle, a Paleolithic hearth, undisturbed, with a thickness of 60 - 80 cm lying over a clay through Cavern Bear continues to be and also covered through around 40- 50 cm of recent deposits. It is in this hearth at a fairly shallow depth (about 15cm deep) that I gathered the statuette, a pickaxe unfortunately wielded by one of my employees resulting in a block to fall which had actually damaged its front area. I gave the original to the Museum, and also M. Boule, filling defects of the anterior component of the actors, has actually reconstituted with an approximation extremely cshed to reality, the original aspect of the object. We deserve to confirm this by comparing the figure versus the mouldings in the restored collections of the Society.The statue is carved in the round in mammoth ivory. It steps 147 mm in height. The head is small and also oval, the challenge bears no unique features. Parallel lines to indicate hair come dvery own on three quarters of the confront and at the back to the level of the shoulderchisels. The neck is thin, the chest is skinny, the expensive breasts hang to the abdomales, which is small, rounded, and pumelted forward. The arms, which rest on the breasts, are detached from the trunk in their reduced 3rd, which reflects the excellent technological skill of the sculptor. The gluteal area is amazing for its size: the buttocks are project laterally and flattened. They have actually at their bottom a flange surplaced by a small eminence which seems to me to correspond to the indication of a "fistule coccygienne" (This is unclear to me. A coccygeal fistula is characterized as a fistulous opening of a dermoid cyst in the coccygeal (tailbone) region-Don)The thighs likewise existing a big lateral forecast, the legs are brief, and the feet are bacount indicated. The previous fracture unfortunately connected the pubic location, which does not enable us to understand if genitalia were figured. Keep in mind the presence, below the buttocks, of a singular garment shaped favor a triangular lointowel, which appears to be made up of braided strips, finiburned via a fringe.
The statue as it was discovered. Photo: de Saint-Périer (1924)This statue belongs to the team of Aurignacian steatopygous humale figures that we currently understand from Brassempouy, Grimaldi, Willendorf, and Laussel.It shows up from specific of its characters, also to market a way of synthesising these curious figures. Hence it shows the pendulous breasts shaped in outside form of the statuette from Brassempouy that Piette dubbed Le Manche de poignard (the "dagger handle"), and also the globular head and absence of facial functions of the Grimaldi statuettes, and the mindset of the arms of the venus of Willendorf. Thus is aacquire affirmed the homogeneity of this sculptural art via the Paleolithic, whose inspiration is unrecognized. Is it a pucount ethnic depiction, a depiction of a symbolic nature or is it religious in nature? To what level must we relate the shape of these numbers to the feminine kind of their time?I shall confine myself to observing that the study of the fauna and also devices of the grotte des Rideaux, which I have actually accumulated so much, allows the determicountry of the layer in which the statue was uncovered as definitely being from the Upper Aurignacian rather than the lower Magdalenian, as I had actually thought in 1911.On the various other hand, the personalities of these statues and also the lointowel so far just presented on the Lespugue statue imply that the civilization of our country had actually Aurignacian features equivalent to those reported from Africa. We understand that the exploration of skeletons at Grimaldi of Negroid type which had currently said this hypothesis is corroborated by the similarity of the Aurignacian tools on these 2 continents.If the exploration of the "Lespugue Venus" does not yet solve all the facility difficulties elevated by these Paleolithic humale representations, it does, but, carry another facet to our understanding of the starts of human sculpture and also for this reason it seems amazing to discuss it here at the Société préhistorique française.
ReferencesCohen C., 2003: La femme des origines. Imperiods de la femme dans la préhistoire occidentale,, Paris, Belin-Herscher, 2003, 191 peras. Gimbutas M., 1996: Die Sprache der Göttin - Das verschüttete Symbolmechanism der westlichen Zivilisation, 1996 (2. Auflage) / Zweitausendeins. Leroi-Gourhan A., 1982: Prähistorische Kunst - Die Ursprünge der Kunst in Europa, Herder-Verlag, Freiburg, 5. Auflage 1982 Plazy G., 2001: The History of Art in Pictures , MetroBooks de Saint-Périer R.
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, 1912: Pièges paléolithiques de la grotte des rideaux à Lespugne (Haute-Garonne) Bulletins et Mémoires de la Société d"anthropologie de Paris, VI° Série, tome 3 fascicule 3-4, 1912. pp. 149-153. de Saint-Périer R., 1924: La Statuette féminine de Lespugue (Haute-Garonne) Bulletin de la Société préhistorique de France, 1924, tome 21, N. 3. pp. 81-84.