Wepwawet (Upuaut, Wep-wawet, and also Ophois) was an ancient wolf god whose prayer originated in top Egypt.

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He was among the more quickly of the gods to be worshipped at Abydos, possibly predating (and absorbing) Khentyamentiu (another god of the Abydos necropolis). By the Old Kingdom Wepwawet was famous throughout Egypt, however as Osiris thrived in popular (absorbing both Khentyamentiu and Wepwawet) Anubis take it on his funerary role. However, he did not entirely disappear.

Wepwawet’s typical was linked with upper Egypt and was provided the honour the going prior to the king during many ritual processions. During the new Kingdom his standard also preceded that of Osiris and also the “procession of Wepwawet” initiated the mysteries that Osiris together a god that the dead.


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His name method “the opener the the methods (roads)”. This is thought to describe the paths through the underworld, yet may likewise refer come the selections or paths taken in life, together he additionally seems to have been linked to the strength of the life pharaoh.

In the “Book the the Dead” and also the publication of “That i beg your pardon Is in the Underworld” (Amduat) he leader the deceased with the underworld and guards end them on their perilous journey, but he was also thought to act as a swgc2010.orgut because that the army, “opening a path” to permit them to proceed.

Acwgc2010.orgrding to part traditions, it to be Wepwawet and also not Anubis or Ptah that devised the “opening that the mouth” ceremony i beg your pardon ensured that the person would have actually the use of all your faculties in the afterlife. However, he likewise acwgc2010.orgmpanied the king as soon as he was hunting and was given the epithet, “the one through the sharp arrowhead who is more powerful 보다 the gods.”


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More recently, his surname (Upuaut) was given highly as necessary to the small robot used to inspection the “air shafts” in the good Pyramid.

Wepwawet may additionally have symbolized the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt. In royal processions his standard was paired through the Apis Bull (representing reduced Egypt). However in one inscription the place of his bear is declared to it is in the temple of the goddess Wadjet in Buto (in the Delta). It seems that this was a political relocate as all various other evidence argues that he had actually Upper Egyptian origins.

Wepwawet to be generally illustrated as a wolf or a guy with the head that a wolf. However there is some debate regarding whether the is in truth a wolf. Unlike Anubis, that is often portrayed with a grey or white head, and the Greeks named the Thirteenth nome of top Egypt Lywgc2010.orgpolis (Wolf town) in his honour.

Some scholar argue that he to be a jackal and others that he was originally a wolf yet was linked with Anubis, and so became seen together a jackal-headed god. He was often illustrated alongside the uraeus (royal wgc2010.orgbra) and a “shedshed” standard. A an excellent example that this deserve to be seen on the Pre-Dynastic Narmer Macehead.

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His relationships through the various other gods were wgc2010.orgnfused by the merging and shifting of duties throughout Egyptian history. Wepwawet was closely associated with Anubis who was originally part of the Ogdoad the Hermopolis, and also came come be seen as his son. However, the was also linked come the god Shu the the Ennead that Heliopolis by the epithet “he who has separated the skies from the earth”.

When the two theologies merged and Anubis made means for Osiris the idea occurred that Osiris to be the father of Anubis (although his mom was usually not described as Osiris’ wife Isis but rather her sister Nephythys). Come wgc2010.orgmplicate problem further, Wepwawet was sometimes called the “son that Isis” and also identified as Horus (and as such the pharaoh) return she was likewise seen as the grand-daughter that Shu and the step-mother the Anubis acwgc2010.orgrding to the Heliopolitan tradition.

BibliographyBard, Kathryn (2008) An advent to the Archaeology of old EgyptBudge, E Wallis (1904) The god of the EgyptiansGoodenough, Simon (1997) Egyptian MythologyKemp, Barry J (1991) ancient Egypt: Anatomy the a CivilisationRedford Donald B (2002) old Gods SpeakWatterson, Barbara (1996) god of ancient EgyptWilkinson, Richard H. (2003) The wgc2010.orgmplete Gods and Goddesses of ancient EgyptWilkinson, Richard H. (2000) The wgc2010.orgmplete holy places of old Egypt