You are watching: What do these four elements have in common?
elements:The three atoms every contain various numbers that protons and are as such unique elements
What carry out these four facets have in common? lock all have the same number of electrons in their very first electron shell. They are all generally unreactive elements. lock all have actually an incomplete valence electron shell. lock all have actually the same number of protons in your nuclei
They all have actually an incomplete valence electron shell: The valence shell is the outermost electron energy level. Valence covering electrons determine the reactivity of an element
If one oxygen atom to be to form a chemistry bond in which it gained two electrons, it would ______. become less stable not adjust in terms of loved one stability become an ext stable
become more stable:The enhancement of two electrons come the 2nd electron shell of an oxygen atom would complete that power level and an outcome in increased stability.
3:Nitrogen has actually 5 electrons in that is valence (outermost) electron shell. Therefore, it will kind covalent bonds with 3 hydrogen atoms. Each single covalent bond has the sharing of three pairs of electrons. The 3 electrons added by the hydrogen atoms will certainly fill the valence covering of nitrogen.
Sulfur is atomic number 16. Sulfur will kind chemical bonds in a similar manner as ______. hydrogen oxygen carbon nitrogen.
oxygen:Oxygen and sulfur both have six electron in their valence (outermost) electron shells. Therefore, lock will kind similar varieties and numbers of bonds with various other atoms.
This number depicts the development of a(n) ______. nonpolar covalent link hydrogen shortcut polar covalent shortcut ionic bond
ionic bond:An ionic link is formed throughout the finish transfer the one or an ext electrons indigenous one atom to another
Based ~ above the information in this figure, we can conclude that chlorine has actually an atomic variety of ______. 11 10 17 18
17:The unbonded chlorine atom has 17 electrons. Therefore, chlorine must have 17 protons and also an atomic number of 17
After the transfer of the electron, sodium will type an ion with ______. a fee of -1 a charge of +1 an atomic number of 18 an atomic number of 10
a fee of +1 :If sodium loses one electron, it will certainly be positive charged. Return not displayed explicitly in the figure, the element sodium has 11 protons in ~ its nucleus. If sodium forms a cation include 10 electrons, the will have a charge of +1.
What stop the sodium and also chloride ions with each other in a chemistry bond? the share of a pair of proton the sharing of a pair of electron the attraction in between their particular nuclei an electrical attraction between opposite charges
an electrical attraction between opposite charges: The deliver of one electron results in ions with opposite dues that room electrically attractive to each other
Which of the complying with accurately describes what is occurring in the illustrated reaction? A hydrogen shortcut is formed in between carbon and the four hydrogen atoms. an ionic link is formed between carbon and also the four hydrogen atoms. A quadruple covalent bond is formed in between carbon and also one hydrogen atom. A solitary covalent link is formed in between carbon and each the the 4 hydrogen atoms.
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A single covalent link is formed between carbon and each the the 4 hydrogen atoms: Carbon shares a pair that electrons with each of the four hydrogen atoms. A pair of common electrons is the basis of a solitary covalent bond
What is the most significant factor in the formation of a covalent bond? the attraction the a hydrogen atom nucleus come the electrons of an additional atom the complete transfer that one or much more electrons native one atom to an additional the sharing of electron pairs in between two atoms the carry of one or more protons native one atom to another
the share of electron pairs in between two atoms: Covalent binding are created by the share of electrons between two reactive atoms
Bonds in between carbon and hydrogen atoms (as portrayed on the appropriate side of the figure) are typically ______. hydrogen binding polar covalent bond nonpolar covalent binding ionic bonds
nonpolar covalent bonds:Neither carbon nor hydrogen is thought about electronegative atoms. Therefore, neither atom has an overly solid pull on mutual electrons, and also those electrons are mutual equally in ~ a nonpolar covalent bond.
Chemistry: The main Science14th EditionBruce Edward Bursten, Catherine J. Murphy, H. Eugene Lemay, Matthew E. Stoltzfus, Patrick Woodward, Theodore Brown