The vagina is a flexible tube the joins the uterus come the vulva. Vaginas vary among individuals in color, size, and shape.


Getting to know what the inside of a vagina watch like and also what is typical for every individual can aid people feel more familiar v their body. It can also aid with identifying abnormal changes.

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Here, us look at the anatomy of the vagina and how to carry out a self-exam. We additionally discuss symptom that deserve to indicate a health problem with the vagina and also explain as soon as to see a doctor.


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The vagina is one elastic tube the connects the uterus and also cervix come the vulva. The vagina is around 3 inches long.

The form of a vagina can vary from human being to person. Some vaginas room oval favor an egg, while others have the right to be much more cylindrical.

The opened of the vagina is between the urethra, with which urine pipeline the body, and the anus.

The vaginal opening is where blood pipeline the body during menstruation, a prick enters throughout sexual intercourse, and also a baby pipeline the body during birth.

The hymen is a slim layer of organization that surrounds and partially covers the vaginal opening. Sex-related intercourse or exercise can stretch or tear it.

The cervix associate the uterus to the vagina. A little hole in the cervix allows menstrual blood and also sperm to happen through. Throughout childbirth, the cervix dilates.

The vagina increases through arousal and sexual stimulation. During sexual arousal, the uterus and cervix elevator upward, elongating the vagina. Human being refer come this process as tenting.

The Bartholin’s glands are on either next of the quality opening. Human being cannot normally see or feel these glands. During arousal, the glands release liquid that lubricates the vagina.

The Gräfenberg spot, or G spot, sit a few inches within the vagina at the front. Throughout arousal, the G spot swells.

The area clearly shows externally, the vulva, is what many civilization refer to together the vagina. However, the only part of the vagina visible exterior of the body is the vaginal opening. The vulva consists of the labia minora and majora, or the “lips,” which defend the quality opening. Learn an ext about the vulva here.


A human can bring out a self-exam of your vagina to check for any type of unusual alters that may suggest a wellness issue. Self-exams are useful alongside continual gynecologist pelvic examinations and also cervical screening.

People can carry out a self-exam of your vagina once they room not menstruating. Because that a self-exam, they will need:

a handheld mirrora tiny light or torchpillows, because that comfort

People can carry out a self-exam by following these steps:

Wash the hands with soap and also water.Remove apparel from listed below the waist.Lean versus a wall or pillows to support the body.Bend the knees, keeping both feet flat on the floor and also the legs broad apart.Hold the mirror and also light in prior of the vagina.Use one hand to spread out the opening of the vagina.Place a finger within the vagina and also gently feeling the wall surfaces of the vagina, which will feel comparable to the roof that the mouth.Feel for any kind of lumps, bumps, or raised areas that can be sores or inexplicable growths.To feeling for the cervix, that may assist to move to a squatting position.Gently insert the finger deeper into the vagina to feeling the cervix, which may feel similar to the guideline of the nose.

Vaginal discharge can adjust slightly in consistency and also color throughout the term cycle, pregnancy, and menopause. Healthy and balanced discharge is generally clear to white or pale yellow, and it can have a mild odor.

If a human notices any far-reaching change in their vaginal discharge, this could indicate an underlying issue. The individual deserve to see their doctor for a checkup and also report any kind of other symptoms.


A range of problems can influence the vagina and how it looks and also feels inside. Signs and symptoms of conditions affecting the vagina may incorporate unusual discharge, pain, or visible changes.

Here room some health problems that may influence the inside of the vagina:

Vaginitis

Vaginitis is an inflammation or wake up of the vulva or vagina. There are many causes, including sexual activity, decreased estrogen levels, or douching. Symptom of vaginitis include:

a red, itchy, or sick vulva or vaginaan itching or burning sensation in the vagina or vulvapain during sexfrequent or stinging urinationabnormal discharge

Vaginismus

Vaginismus is a suddenly tightening of the muscles surrounding the vagina that occurs once a human tries to insert something right into it. Vaginismus is an automatic solution of the body end which the person has no control.

Symptoms include:

trouble inserting a tampon into the vaginadifficulty v vaginal penetrationa burn sensation or stinging pain throughout sex

Sexually sent infections

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can cause symptoms in and around the vagina. Many of these STIs may show up without remarkable symptoms, or they may seem similar to other conditions, such together vaginal infections.

Due to the overlap in symptoms in between different STIs, the is not usually feasible to diagnose one based on the symptoms alone. Therefore, anyone that experiences symptoms in this part of the body must visit a healthcare professional to experience diagnostic tests.

Some STIs that influence vaginal health include:

Genital warts

Symptoms that genital warts include:

a small collection of flesh-colored bumps roughly the vul or inside the vagina, i beg your pardon may have actually a cauliflower-like texturebumps approximately the mouth and lipsan itching and also burning emotion or discomfortTrichomoniasis

If civilization have trichomoniasis, they may experience:

foamy, yellow-green dischargefoul smell dischargespots the blood in the dischargediscomfort when urinatingitching, redness, or burning approximately the genitalsGonorrhea

Gonorrhea shares symptoms through vaginal infections. Return some civilization with this STI will certainly not experience any type of symptoms, those that do might notice:

a burn sensation or pain once urinatingan increase in quality dischargebleeding in between periodspainful bowel movementsitching or soreness about the genitals Chlamydia

Chlamydia does not constantly produce symptoms, yet when the does, these might include:

abnormal dischargeburning sensation once urinatingpain in the rectumbleeding in between periods

Vaginal infections

An overgrowth of yeast and bacteria in the vagina can cause infections, including:

thrush

Symptoms of a vaginal infection include:

gray, green, or yellow dischargea burning or stinging sensation once urinatingpain or bleeding throughout sexswelling, pain, or redness the the vaginaitching emotion of the vaginaunusual or foul smelling vaginal odorodorless discharge the resembles cottage cheese

Vaginal cancer

Vaginal cancer can reason symptoms if it spreads deeper into the wall surfaces of the vagina or the surrounding areas. Symptom include:

vaginal bleeding after ~ sexabnormal dischargefeeling a lump in the vaginapainful sexpain once urinatingpain in the pelvis, reduced abdomen, or backconstipationswelling in the legs

In some cases, a person may have vulvar cancer, which can likewise cause painful sexual intercourse, bleeding, and also pain, amongst other symptoms. However, both of this cancers space rare.

Vaginal prolapse

Vaginal prolapse happens as soon as the uterus, bladder, or bowel descends into the vagina. Vaginal prolapse can happen as a an outcome of pregnancy, childbirth, or one existing medical condition.

Higher step of prolapse can cause symptoms, i beg your pardon include:

a lump inside or protruding indigenous the vaginaa heavy or dragging sensation in the vaginaaching pain in the pelvis or backa frequent need to urinate or challenge urinatingrecurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs)

The vagina is one elastic tube that connects the uterus and also cervix come the vulva. The shape, size, and also color the the vagina have the right to vary among individuals.

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Anyone who notices any type of unusual symptoms, such together growths, in or about their vagina must see their physician or gynecologist because that a checkup. Indicators of a health problem may include:

discharge v an unusual color, such together green, gray, or dark yellow dischargedischarge through a foul smell odorfoamy dischargelumps or bumps inside the vaginapain when urinating or throughout sex

People can likewise carry the end a self-exam of their vagina to inspect for any unusual changes or growths. However, self-exams must not replace continual pelvic examinations v a healthcare professional.