Good posture entails training your body come stand, walk, sit, and lie in positions whereby the least strain is put on sustaining muscles and ligaments during movement or weight-bearing activities.

You are watching: When pulling a patient, you should extend your arms no more than ________ in front of your torso.

If any type of of the following guidelines causes an increase of earlier pain or spreading of pain to the legs, do not continue the activity and look for the advice that a medical professional or physics therapist.

The spinal curves

Your spine has actually natural curves that type an S-shape. Perceived from the side, the cervical and also lumbar spines have a lordotic, or a slight inward curve, and also the thoracic spine has actually a kyphotic, or gentle outside curve. The spine"s curves occupational like a coiled spring to absorb shock, maintain balance, and to facilitate the full selection of movement throughout the spinal shaft (see Anatomy of the Spine).



The spine has actually three herbal curves, a concave cervical and also lumbar curve, and also a tenderness convex thoracic curve.

These curve are maintained by two muscle groups, flexors and also extensors. The flexor muscles room in the front and include the abdominal muscles. This muscles enable us to flex, or bend forward, and are important in lifting and controlling the arch in the lower back.

The extensor muscles room in the back. This muscles permit us to was standing upright and lift objects. Working with each other these muscle teams act as male wires to stabilize your spine.

What is an excellent posture?

Posture is the place in i m sorry you hold your body upright against gravity if standing, sitting, or lying down.

Proper attitude requirements:

great muscle flexibility Normal movement in the joints solid postural muscles A balance of muscles on both political parties of the spine Awareness that your own posture, to add awareness of suitable posture which leads to aware correction. With lot practice, the correct attitude for standing, sitting, and also lying under (as explained below and also on the complying with page) will progressively replace her old posture.

Proper sit Posture: Shoulders end hips, feet flat on the floor, low earlier support provided, and chin aligned over the chest.


Proper Sitting posture at Desk: Posture should start through shoulders end hips with an excellent low back support. Details include: elbows flexed to 90 degrees, knees bent come 90 degrees, feet flat on floor or sustained with stool/ phonebook (enough that there is a finger broad gap in between the knee and the chair). Computer system monitor have to be at eye level, head position should encompass ears aligned through shoulders. The computers mouse have to be close sufficient that the elbow stays in a bend position. Finally, pen/phones should be kept within 14-16 inch of reach.


Sit to Stand: location your feet so that toes and knees are in line. Bend forward for this reason your sleep is over your toes. Push up indigenous the chair v a controlled motion. Use your hands as needed.

Tying Shoes

Tying Shoes: place your foot on her opposite knee to keep from bending too far forward.

Proper Bending and Reaching technique (Golfers Lift)

Proper Bending and also Reaching method (Golfers Lift): you re welcome be aware that bending and also lifting room contraindicated after ~ lumbar fusion/kyphoplasty procedures. This technique is detailed for the rarely occasions once you absolutely require objects being picked up from the floor. Note that the subject has actually arranged it s her in a place where she have the right to use the leg together a bar arm come pull she body earlier up to its standing posture while preserving a flat back.

Proper sleeping Posture


Proper sleeping Posture: as soon as lying top top your ago a pillow support should be used under the knees. Remember a pillow should support the neck not the head.

Proper Sidelying Posture


Proper Sidelying Posture: ar the pillow support in between the knee with another pillow assistance at the lumbar spine and a third pillow sustaining the neck and also head. The lumbar assistance pillow is only important if there is a gap in between the bed and the waist.

Log Roll: With beginning position lied on your back bend her knees.

Roll onto her side.

Keep your shoulders and hips together as a unit together you roll.

Place your peak hand to the bed and also push up while lowering her legs come the floor.

slowly raise her body when lowering the legs to i think an upright position.

Getting into the Car

When acquiring into the car, earlier up to the vehicle seat till you feeling the seat behind your legs. reach one hand behind you for the back of the chair while place your other hand ~ above the dashboard for balance. Reduced yourself slowly to the seat and bring her legs right into the auto one at a time. Scoot your hips ago until friend are completely on the seat.

Getting out of the Car

place the seat every the means back for maximum foot clearance. Bring each leg the end one in ~ a time, transforming your hips and shoulders with your body to stop twisting at your spine. place one hand top top the earlier of the seat and one hand top top the door structure or dashboard. Press up to a stand position; don’t pull. Tip: place an north plastic bag top top the chair of the automobile will make sliding in and out that the auto easier because that you.

Preventing back pain and injury

Self care. Making use of correct posture and also keeping her spine in alignment space the most vital things you can do for your back. The lower back (lumbar curve) bears most of her weight, so suitable alignment of this section can prevent injury to your vertebrae, discs, and also other portions of her spine. If you have earlier pain, you may need to make adjustments come your day-to-day standing, sitting, and also sleeping habits and learn ideal ways to lift and also bend (see Self care for Neck & ago Pain). Your workspace might need to be rearranged to save your spine from slouching. Since extra pounds deserve to make back pain worse, you should preserve a weight the is ideal for her height and also body frame.

Exercise. constant exercise is crucial to prevent ago pain and injury. A routine of strengthening, stretching and also aerobic practice will enhance your as whole fitness level. Study has presented that civilization who are physically fit are much more resistant to earlier injuries and also pain, and also recover much faster when they do have injuries, than those who are less physically to the right (see Exercises: back Stretches & Strengthening).

Sources & web links

If friend have an ext questions, please contact Mayfield mind & Spine in ~ 800-325-7787 or 513-221-1100.

Spine-health.com Spineuniverse.com

updated: 12.2018 reviewed by: Lisa Cleveland, PT and also Mary Kemper, Mayfield Clinic, Cincinnati, Ohio

Mayfield Certified health and wellness Info products are written and developed through the Mayfield Clinic. This details is not intended to change the clinical advice of her health care provider.

Mayfield services

We effort to control patients together conservatively together possible. Exercise and also physical therapy strengthens back and stomach muscles and also prevents pain and injury.

At Mayfield, patients who come to us through neck and earlier problems are given a rapid review of your medical condition within a few days ... No weeks. It"s a treatment procedure called Priority Consult.

See more: The Past Is History The Future Is A Mystery, And Today Is A Gift

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Mayfield Physical treatment Network

A listing of desired physical therapy carriers in the an ar that have been oriented come Mayfield"s spine therapy processes. While there are plenty of qualified physical therapists in the area, these providers have met our criteria for treating patients with spinal diseases and also disorders.