Understand the problem.

You are watching: Which of the following statements about irregular verbs is correct?

All verbs, whether consistent or irregular, have 5 forms (often called principal parts). These forms are the infinitive, basic present, an easy past, past participle, and present participle.

The difference between regular and also irregular verb is the development of the an easy past and also past participle.

Regular verbs space dependably consistent—the basic past ends ined together does the previous participle.

Review this chart:

InfinitiveSimplePresentSimplePastPastParticiplePresentParticiple
to laughlaugh(s)laughedlaughedlaughing
to startstart(s)startedstartedstarting
to washwash(es)washedwashedwashing
to winkwink(s)winkedwinkedwinking

In contrast, the an easy past and past participle of irregular verbs can end in a variety of ways, v no consistent pattern.

Here are examples:

InfinitiveSimplePresentSimplePastPastParticiplePresentParticiple
to drivedrive(s)drovedrivendriving
to feelfeel(s)feltfeltfeeling
to putput(s)putputputting
to swimswim(s)swamswumswimming

With rarely often, rarely verbs, authors make two frequent errors. They either 1) include an untrue ed to the finish of the previous tense or past participle or 2) confused one kind with the other.

Read this sentence:

Olivia feeled like exercising yesterday, for this reason she putted on her bathing suit and also drived come the city pool, whereby she swum so much that just an extra-large pepperoni pizza would meet her hunger.

What room the troubles with this sentence? First,feeled need to befelt. Next, putted demands no ed. The correct past tense ofdrive is drove. And we must change swum toswam.

Know the solution.

To prevent making mistakes with irregular verbs, find out the really long chart below. (Or bookmark this web page in her web internet browser for future reference!)

Comprehensive list of rarely often, rarely VerbsInfinitiveSimplePresentSimplePastPastParticiplePresentParticiple
to arisearise(s)arosearisenarising
to awakeawake(s)awoke or awakedawaked or awokenawaking
to beam, is, arewas, werebeenbeing
to bearbear(s)boreborne or bornbearing
to beatbeat(s)beatbeatenbeating
to becomebecome(s)becamebecomebecoming
to beginbegin(s)beganbegunbeginning
to bendbend(s)bentbentbending
to betbet(s)betbetbetting
to bid (to offer)bid(s)bidbidbidding
to bid (to command)bid(s)badebiddenbidding
to bindbind(s)boundboundbinding
to bitebite(s)bitbitten or bitbiting
to blowblow(s)blewblownblowing
to breakbreak(s)brokebrokenbreaking
to bringbring(s)broughtbroughtbringing
to buildbuild(s)builtbuiltbuilding
to burstburst(s)burst or burstedburst or burstedbursting
to buybuy(s)boughtboughtbuying
to castcast(s)castcastcasting
to catchcatch(es)caughtcaughtcatching
to choosechoose(s)chosechosenchoosing
to clingcling(s)clungclungclinging
to comecome(s)camecomecoming
to costcost(s)costcostcosting
to creepcreep(s)creptcreptcreeping
to cutcut(s)cutcutcutting
to dealdeal(s)dealtdealtdealing
to digdig(s)dugdugdigging
to divedive(s)dived or dovediveddiving
to dodo(es)diddonedoing
to drawdraw(s)drewdrawndrawing
to dreamdream(s)dreamed or dreamtdreamed or dreamtdreaming
to drinkdrink(s)drankdrunk or drankdrinking
to drivedrive(s)drovedrivendriving
to eateat(s)ateeateneating
to fallfall(s)fellfallenfalling
to feedfeed(s)fedfedfeeding
to feelfeel(s)feltfeltfeeling
to fightfight(s)foughtfoughtfighting
to findfind(s)foundfoundfinding
to fleeflee(s)fledfledfleeing
to flingfling(s)flungflungflinging
to flyflies, flyflewflownflying
to forbidforbid(s)forbade or forbadforbiddenforbidding
to forgetforget(s)forgotforgotten or forgotforgetting
to forgiveforgive(s)forgaveforgivenforgiving
to forsakeforsake(s)forsookforsakenforsaking
to freezefreeze(s)frozefrozenfreezing
to getget(s)gotgotten or gotgetting
to givegive(s)gavegivengiving
to gogo(es)wentgonegoing
to growgrow(s)grewgrowngrowing
to cave (to suspend)hang(s)hunghunghanging
to havehas, havehadhadhaving
to hearhear(s)heardheardhearing
to hidehide(s)hidhidden or hidhiding
to hithit(s)hithithitting
to hurthurt(s)hurthurthurting
to keepkeep(s)keptkeptkeeping
to knowknow(s)knewknownknowing
to laylay(s)laidlaidlaying
to leadlead(s)ledledleading
to leapleap(s)leaped or leaptleaped or leaptleaping
to leaveleave(s)leftleftleaving
to lendlend(s)lentlentlending
to letlet(s)letletletting
to lied (to rest or recline)lie(s)laylainlying
to lightlight(s)lighted or litlighted or litlighting
to loselose(s)lostlostlosing
to makemake(s)mademademaking
to meanmean(s)meantmeantmeaning
to paypay(s)paidpaidpaying
to proveprove(s)provedproved or provenproving
to quitquit(s)quitquitquitting
to readread(s)readreadreading
to ridrid(s)ridridridding
to rideride(s)roderiddenriding
to ringring(s)rangrungringing
to riserise(s)roserisenrising
to runrun(s)ranrunrunning
to saysay(s)saidsaidsaying
to seesee(s)sawseenseeing
to seekseek(s)soughtsoughtseeking
to sendsend(s)sentsentsending
to setset(s)setsetsetting
to shakeshake(s)shookshakenshaking
to bright (to glow)shine(s)shoneshoneshining
to shootshoot(s)shotshotshooting
to showshow(s)showedshown or showedshowing
to shrinkshrink(s)shrank or shrunkshrunk or shrunkenshrinking
to singsing(s)sang or sungsungsinging
to sinksink(s)sank or sunksunksinking
to sitsit(s)satsatsitting
to slayslay(s)slew or slayedslainslaying
to sleepsleep(s)sleptsleptsleeping
to slingsling(s)slungslungslinging
to sneaksneak(s)sneaked or snucksneaked or snucksneaking
to speakspeak(s)spokespokenspeaking
to spendspend(s)spentspentspending
to spinspin(s)spunspunspinning
to springspring(s)sprang or sprungsprungspringing
to standstand(s)stoodstoodstanding
to stealsteal(s)stolestolenstealing
to stickstick(s)stuckstucksticking
to stingsting(s)stungstungstinging
to stinkstink(s)stank or stunkstunkstinking
to stridestride(s)strodestriddenstriding
to strikestrike(s)struckstruckstriking
to strivestrive(s)strovestrivenstriving
to swearswear(s)sworeswornswearing
to sweepsweep(s)sweptsweptsweeping
to swimswim(s)swamswumswimming
to swingswing(s)swungswungswinging
to taketake(s)tooktakentaking
to teachteach(es)taughttaughtteaching
to teartear(s)toretorntearing
to telltell(s)toldtoldtelling
to thinkthink(s)thoughtthoughtthinking
to throwthrow(s)threwthrownthrowing
to understandunderstand(s)understoodunderstoodunderstanding
to wakewake(s)woke or wakedwaked or wokenwaking
to wearwear(s)worewornwearing
to weaveweave(s)wove or weavedwoven or woveweaving
to weepweep(s)weptweptweeping
to winwin(s)wonwonwinning
to wringwring(s)wrungwrungwringing
to writewrite(s)wrotewrittenwriting

Know the difference in between the straightforward past tense and the previous participle.

In enhancement to learning the chart above, friend must also understand the difference in between the simple past tense and the previous participle.

Simple past Tense

A basic past tense verb constantly has just one part. You need no assistant verb to kind this tense.

Read this examples:

Because dinner time was near, mine dog Oreobit the spine that Moby-Dick and pulled the novel turn off my lap.

Since Denise had actually ignored bills because that so long, shewrote checks because that an hour straight.

Despite the noise, jolts, and also jerks, Alexslept for this reason soundly on the city bus the he to let go his stop.

Past Participle

The previous participle, on the other hand, adheres to one or moreauxiliary verbs.

Read these sentences:

Raymond had bitten right into the muffin before Charise mentioned that it to be her well known chocolate-broccoli variety.

Had = assistant verb;bitten = previous participle.

Once Woody has actually written his essay for Professor Stover, he plans to reward himself with a warm fudge sundae.

Has = auxiliary verb;written = previous participle.

Cynthia could have slept better if she had actually avoided The Nightmare top top Elm Street marathon.

Might,have = assistant verbs;slept = past participle.

Where the confusion Lies

For continual verbs, discovering the difference between the an easy past and past participle is unnecessary due to the fact that both space identical, reliably finishing in ed.

Consider these two sentences:

Diane giggled as her beagle Reliable pushed his cold, wet nose into her stomach, in search of cookie crumbs.

Giggled = basic past.

Until the disapproving Daniela elbowed Latoya in the ribs, the young woman had giggled without protect against at the toilet document streamer attached to Professor Clemens's shoe.

Had = auxiliary verb;giggled = past participle.

When you pick an irregular verb for a sentence, however, the an easy past and past participle are regularly different, so girlfriend must know the distinction.

Here room two examples:

Essie drove for this reason cautiously that web traffic piled up behind her, resulting in angry vehicle drivers to honk your horns and also shout obscenities.

Drove = straightforward past.

Essie could havedrove driven much faster if she had actually remembered she glasses and also saw an ext than huge colored blurs with the windshield.

Might,have = auxiliary verbs;driven = past participle.

Past Participles as Adjectives

In addition, past participles duty asadjectives, describing other words. When you use a past participle in this manner, friend must choose the correct form.

Read these sentences:

The calculus exams gavegiven by Professor Ribley space so complicated that his students think their brains will burst.

The leg of the relay raceswam swum by Delores placed the team ahead.

The solo sangsung by Bianca uplifted everyone’s spirit.

See more: How To Remove Permanent Tattoo With Lemon Juice, Will Lemon Juice Fade A Tattoo

Remember the you deserve to alwaysconsultadictionary as soon as you have actually a question about the correct form of an irregular verb.

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