Interactive writing makes the writing process visual come the whole class. Reading literature is terrific way come initiate interactive writing in the class, and the teacher can proceed using literature as the course does interaction writing with any brand-new book that is read throughout the year.

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The kindergarten teacher begins interactive writing in her class by writing "Today is …" on a piece of chart paper. She asks because that a volunteer to take it the pen and write the day, i m sorry she has written top top a sentence strip and clipped come the top of the chart. Michael raises his hand and also the teacher provides him the pen. He come forward proud to take it and also carefully starts to write "M" for Monday.

The teacher shares the writing suffer with young student on chart file or a whiteboard that is huge enough for the whole course to see. Students take part by giving the teacher ideas and additionally by "taking the pen" and also writing words, phrases, or sentences v the teacher"s guidance. Larger students have the right to participate in shared and collaborative writing too (Button, Johnson, & Fergerson, 1996; McCarrier, Pinnell, & Fountas, 2000).

Reading literature is terrific way come initiate interactive creating in the class, and also the teacher can proceed using literature as the course does interactive writing through any brand-new book the is read throughout the year. The teacher can begin with what is happening that day in class, or a holiday, or a special occasion in the school. Object could likewise be any type of idea of interest to the student or any interesting occasion that has occurred: a brand-new class pet, a special activity, a guest speaker that went to the class, a field trip the class went on, a adjust in the weather (e.g., the rained, snowed, or the was sunny for a change), or other special happened to a son (e.g., they took a trip, have actually a family members visitor, or participated in an after institution activity).

This strategy could be modeled top top the first day of school, and also it could proceed to be supplied throughout the college year everyday or numerous times a day, v other publications read aloud during the mainly or various other topics of interest to the students. Mini-lessons can be supplied to teach writing conventions in the authentic writing context of interaction writing.

English Language arts Standards

Strand 6. Students apply knowledge that language structure, language conventions (e.g., spelling and punctuation), media techniques, figurative language, and genre to create, critique, and discuss print and non publish texts.

Source: native "Standards for the English Language Arts," through the international Reading association (IRA) and the nationwide Council of teachers of English (NCTE), 1996. Urbana, IL: IRA.

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Read literary works that introduce a topic because that discussion and also interactive writing and do mini-lessons on the conventions of composing as the require for castle occurs during interactive writing. For example, because that kindergarten, model how to (1) capitalize the first letter or the very first word in a sentence and also (2) indent the an initial sentence that a paragraph making use of the title as the very first sentence.

The very first day of institution is …

Ask student for ideas to finish the sentence. Repeat them that the principles they shared in solution to the reader response questions and also prompts. Once the course agrees on just how to complete the sentence, ask because that a volunteer to pertained to the chart and take the pen to finish the sentence. If a kid volunteers and is not yet writing, take dictation because that them and also write the words together they speak them. If a son is no yet writing yet knows the alphabet, order the indigenous letter-by-letter as they compose or create the indigenous in pencil and also have the boy trace over them v a marking pen. Proceed writing the story this way. Ask the students for ideas and also for volunteers to take it the pen.

Other mini-lessons ~ above the conventions of writing deserve to be modeled throughout interactive writing as they take place in context.

Older students have the right to practice interactive writing by share the pen and collaborating through each various other on letters, memos, invitations, or any kind of kind of stare story, as well as on reports in the content areas.

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Grade-level modifications

K–2nd Grade

Read big a book around school. Off to Kindergarten by Tony Johnson can be offered for a kindergarten class. In this rhyming text, a small boy names every one of the points he wants to carry to institution on the very first day of kindergarten, native a sandbox to a chair because that his stuffed bear, until his mother assures him the his teacher will have everything he needs. For very first or 2nd grade students, use Hamsters, Shells, and also Spelling Bees: institution Poems in a arsenal edited through Lee Bennett Hopkins (2008) in his I have the right to Read poetry anthology series. Command a discussion using aesthetic reader solution questions and prompts: exactly how do girlfriend feel about the an initial day of school? how do girlfriend feel about school? What do you great will happen in college this year?

Tell students they will all share their ideas about school through interactive writing. Students have the right to sit top top the rug and kind a semicircle encountering an easel v a piece of paper on it. Ask students for title suggestions for the item of interactive writing (e.g., "Today in ~ School," "School," "The first Day that School," or an additional title the emerges from the discussion of the book). Talk about the title selection with the students and either write the title at the top of the chart document or whitcboard or ask because that a kid to volunteer to take it the pen (marking pen) and also write the title. Carry out scaffolding to assistance the student writer v spelling, capitalization, punctuation, or various other writing conventions.

For days various other than the an initial day of school, below arc part topics and also sentence starters:

"Today is Monday" (or any kind of other job of the week)"Today is President"s Day" (or any type of other holiday)"It"s a merganser Day" (or any kind of other weather)"We"re Going to the Zoo" (or any other ar trip)
Mini-lessons on conventions the writing throughout interactive writing, K–2Alphabet and forming lettersUpper- and also lowercase lettersCapitalize indigenous in a title, the an initial word in a sentence, and also names, days, months, place names, and also a person"s titleIndent the first sentencePunctuationAt the end of a sentence, usage a period, inquiry mark, or exclamation markCommas in dates, a series, and addressesApostrophes in contractions and possessives o periods in abbreviationsCommas in link and complex sentences o Quotation clues in dialogueSpellingAsk for ideas around how to spell the word; model the standard spelling of the wordWriting the date
Plus Technology

Through the use of a clever Board, take dictation and also project students" interactive writing on a screen. Revisions deserve to be made to the writing as students clock the alters made top top the screen, and mini-lessons may be modeled together well. The interactive creating can also be in the kind of one e-mail article that deserve to be sent out anywhere-to another teacher"s classroom, other school personnel (e.g., the primary or the librarian), or to family members with e-mail access.

Recommended children"s books

3rd Grade–5th Grade

Students can write interactively in an answer to a read aloud publication such together Tales that a fourth Grade Nothing (Blume, 1972). Letters can be composed interactively by the whole class to who who checked out the course as a guest speaker, to the writer of a publication they enjoyed, to another class to join them for an activity, come the principal or various other school employee in appreciation for something, come a student who is at residence for clinical reasons, or come the editor of a newspaper on an concern of issue to students. Students deserve to also form groups and also write stories, narratives, or quick reports in the content areas interactively.

Students can kind more than one group but agree to compose on the exact same topic. Because that example, in solution to a chapter book like Ramona the Pest (Cleary, 1968), an ext advanced major students could setup to write their very own memoir of school patterned after the book. They could identify a key character together however write separate chapters on various topics such together friends, recess, favorite college subjects, the very least favorite college subjects, or many embarrassing moments. The groups could meet periodically together a whole and also discuss the continuity among the chapters and also revise accordingly.

Writing conventions suitable for grades 3 v 5, or together needed, have the right to be taught in mini-lessons throughout interactive writing.

Indenting paragraphsPunctuation: Hyphens, colons, parentheses, or commas in a series of adjectivesStrong verbs, certain nouns, and colorful adjectives and adverbsComplete and incomplete sentencesContractionsPluralization rulesPlural possessivesQuotation marks and underlining in released titlesHomonymsOnomatopoeiaRecommended children"s books

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Differentiated instruction

English language learners

Interactive writing provides the writing procedure visual come the entirety class, and English learners who space not yet composing can contribute by portraying the interaction writing. Interactive composing is context-embedded instruction that taps the prior expertise of students. It likewise involves social interaction and also cooperation among students. If an English student is not yet writing, they might "hold the space" in between words as another student or the teacher writes the words.

English learners check out writing modeled and also can copy sentences right into their very own writing in journals or stories. Usage the interactive composing strategy with little groups the English learners, using main language support as well.

Needs-based teams can be formed and can create interactively in a variety of ways (e.g., responding to a book read big or any kind of previously review text, or writing conventions specifically required by the group).

Struggling students

Students take part by verbally sharing ideas for interactive writing. Take it dictation because that students, one of two people by composing their ideas for lock or by composing them in pencil very first and having the student create over them through a noting pen.

Do interactive composing in a small group of three to 5 struggling readers and also writers while other students create in newspaper or write stories. The same procedure would be used, yet each boy would have more opportunity to participate and also there would certainly be much more time come assess and also differentiate instruction for each one.

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Initialing interactive Writing: show each child exactly how to initial their composing on the chart. This provides a record of their progress in writing and also a means to recognize strengths and also needs that each boy over time. In tiny groups or composing conferences, provide mini-lessons for each child"s assessed needs.

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Interactive creating Record: usage a loose-leaf notebook to keep a record of every child"s writing during interactive writing. Word process and print out a facsimile that the form that follows, 3-hole beat it, and include that in the notebook. Usage alphabet tabs for last names, and also put each child"s record under the letter of their last name. Periodically, go v the interactive writing pieces and note the following for each child on their sheet the paper:

StrengthsNeeds/Mini-lessonDate CompletedResults


McCarrier, A., Pinnell, G. S., and also Fountas, I. C. (2000). Interactive writing: just how language and literacy come together.Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann